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Type of publication: Straipsnis / Article
Author(s): Локотко, Александр
Title: Исследования архитектуры Беларуси в институте искусствоведения, этнографии и фольклора им. К. Крапивы национальной академии наук Беларуси
Other Title: The study of the architecture of Belarus at K. Krapiva Institute of Study of Arts, Ethnography and Folklore of the National Academy of Sciences of the Belarus
Is part of: Meno istorija ir kritika, 2011, nr. 7, p. 154-165
Date: 2011
Keywords: Art history;Historical and cultural heritage;Architectural school of Belarus
Abstract: Исследования национальной и мировой архитектуры ныне для стран бывшего СССР весьма актуальны. В условиях глобализационных процессов в архитектуре происходят скоротечные процессы изменения стилей и направлений. Унификация строительной индустрии обостряет противоречия между глобальным и национальным, традиционным и авангардным. Волнует и вопрос о судьбах европейского контекста в архитектуре «планеты людей». Более глобально видится и исторический срез архитектуры Европы за последние пятнадцать веков. Он представляет триаду, включающую средневековье (V–XV вв.), классику (ренессанс, барокко, классицизм, XV – первая половина XIХ в.), модернизм (вторая половина XIХ – начало ХХI в.). Объектом исследования данной статьи являются труды Национальной академии наук Беларуси, посвященные истории отечественной архитектуры со времен Киевской Руси и до наших дней. Подавляющее большинство исследований написано во второй половине ХХ – начале XХI века учеными Института искусствоведения, этнографии и фольклора имени Кондрата Крапивы.
The article describes the research of the peculiarities of history and culture of the country, which were the most important and essential for art (architecture in particular) as a science, carried out by scientists of the Institute. The author emphasizes the continuity, the depth of the research data, and the broad coverage of the problems studied: the evolution of styles and trends in the architecture, the distinctive features of the Belarusian people's homes, the problem of preservation of historical and cultural heritage, construction and stylistic changes in modern architecture. It is noted, that a particular role in this continuous and comprehensive study of architecture belongs to the Institute Department of Architecture, which hosted the formation of scientific school of architecture during the last decade. As a result, fundamental and unique publications, such as Code of Historical and Cultural Monuments, Cities and villages in Belarus, Essays on Evolution and East European context of the Architecture of Belarus were issued in the post-soviet era. The author notes that the base of sources, established over decades, together with the reliable results of the study of major issues of the history of national architecture and urban planning can lead to a new level of in-depth study of the national architecture today and to identify the promising new directions. One of such is the study of regional and local diversity of monumental architecture (local schools). Another – the study of creative relationships between historically developed national schools of architecture and its neighboring countries. It’s urgent further study of modern architecture and architectural design, conceptual problems of modern architecture. Finally it was time to generalizing, analytic studies of the evolution of European architecture to determine the place, role and prospects of the national architecture in the space of European culture.
Appears in Collections:Art History & Criticism / Meno istorija ir kritika 2011, nr. 7

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