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Type of publication: Straipsnis / Article
Author(s): Laurėnas, Vaidutis
Title: Nedalyvavimo politikoje kokybės atvejis : refleksyvusis nedalyvavimas
Other Title: A case of the quality of non-participation in politics : reflexive non-participation
Is part of: Politikos mokslų almanachas, 2014, [T.] 15, p. 47-69
Date: 2014
Keywords: Dalyvavimo politikoje perteklius;Informuotumo-dalyvavimo barjeras;Minia;Politikos kokybė;Politikos profesionalizacija;Politikos sudėtingumas;Refleksyvusis nedalyvavimas;Subpolitikos;Excessive participation in politics;Barrier between being informed and participation;Crowd;Quality of politics;Professionalization of politics;Complexity of politics;Reflexive non-participation
Abstract: Straipsnyje kalbama apie tai, kaip politiką išmanantis, bet joje nedalyvaujantis, bent jau tradicine poveikio valdantiesiems prasme, pilietis (piliečiai) gali suteikti politikai permanentiškai trūkstamą kokybę. Informuotų ir žinančių piliečių nedalyvavimas yra refleksyvus, t. y. argumentuotas politikos, politikų ir savo dalyvavimo politikoje galimybių ir tikslų žinojimu. Refleksyviojo nedalyvavimo kontekste pažymima, kad problema yra ne tiek tradicinis nedalyvavimas politikoje, kiek perteklinis dalyvavimas, pasireiškiantis minios forma. Kaip tik dalyvavimo perteklius laikomas priežastimi viltis nedalyvavimo kokybės. Nedalyvavimas yra kokybiškas, jeigu jis suvokiamas kaip valdžios santykių neardantis, valdančiųjų įteisinimo netrikdantis ir minios telkimuisi nepalankus, subpolitikas kuriantis procesas. Egzistuoja aplinkybės, kai nedalyvauti politikoje yra protinga.
The essence of the quality of politics is not just participation or non-participation: it is the (re)solution of social or national problems. The guarantee of the quality of politics is a professional politician and an informed and knowledgeable citizen. The increasing complexity of public problems calls for professional politics, and increasingly complex public politics creates a need to mobilize specialized knowledge. In that case, it is logically consistent and practically useful to leave no place for incompetent participation in politics. However, more and more competent citizens take no part in politics, at least in the traditional sense. Does this actually limit the quality of politics? Contrary to the predominating approach, the article shall define non-participation in politics as an independent phenomenon of political life, and not as a consequence of a lack, or repudiation, of participation. Non-participation in politics should be defined as a rather unnatural state of a citizen, however, a more natural state, i.e. participation, is hard to separate from people assembling into a crowd, or into a virtual e-crowd. The encouragement of participation of a non-knowledgeable citizen shall be assessed as the admission of a lack of professionalism or as special efforts to encourage dysfunctional politics and, under the pressure of the crowd, to replace the party in power. It should be noted that the participation of a crowd, or excessive participation, may break the relationships of political power. In such situations, the formulation of political goals, and especially their achievement, becomes impossible: the energy of the political process is overextended for the rebuilding and institutionalization of power relations. Therefore, for the sake of its quality, it would make sense not to participate in politics, unless one really knows how to resolve political problems, and thus to provide those who are knowledgeable in this field with the opportunity of doing that.
Appears in Collections:Politikos mokslų almanachas 2014, [t.] 15

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