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Type of publication: Straipsnis / Article
Author(s): Žilinskas, Remigijus
Title: Lietuvos ir Lenkijos strateginiai interesai ES bendroje saugumo ir gynybos politikoje : ieškant panašumų per skirtumus
Other Title: Lithuanian and Polish strategic interests in the EU common security and defence policy : looking for similarities over differences
Is part of: Politikos mokslų almanachas, 2016, [T.] 19, p. 73-93
Date: 2016
Keywords: Bendra saugumo ir gynybos politika;Common security and defence policy;Strateginiai interesai;Bendradarbiavimas;NATO;Strategic interests;Cooperation
Abstract: Straipsnyje siekiama įvertinti Lietuvos ir Lenkijos strateginius interesus Europos Sąjungos Bendrosios saugumo ir gynybos politikos (BSGP) rėmuose ir jų kaitą sąlygojusius pokyčius po šalių įstojimo į Europos Sąjungą 2004 m. Straipsnyje teigiama, kad Lietuvos ir Lenkijos strateginiai interesai nacionalinio saugumo ir kolektyvinės gynybos srityje NATO kontekste yra beveik identiški, o strateginių interesų kaitos, sąlyčio ir skirtumų amplitudė BSGP priklausė nuo šalių strateginės kultūros ir grėsmių dinamikos regione (Rusijos veiksnio). Darbo pabaigoje pateikiamos išvados dėl glaudesnio Lietuvos ir Lenkijos bendradarbiavimo BSGP srityje.
After entering European Union in 2004, Lithuania and Poland have been involved in the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) which later became the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). The aim of this article is to evaluate Lithuanian and Polish strategic interests’ spread, change, and implementation dynamics in the framework of ESDP / CSDP. It is argued that Lithuanian and Polish strategic interests in the area of national security and collective defence are similar to the NATO context, but differs in the ESDP / CSDP and depend on the impact of strategic culture, US role in Europe, and security situation in the region (Russian factor). The first part of the article presents a retrospective analysis of the ESDP / CSDP development in order to assume possible convergence and difference of the Lithuanian and Polish strategic interests. The second part provides an overview of the dynamics of strategic interests from 2004 to nowadays with a specific focus on the Presidency of the Poland and Lithuania in 2011 and 2013 respectively. Finally, the article ends up with findings and recommendations of how to strengthen bilateral and regional cooperation by improving inter-institutional and defence industry cooperation in concert with European Defence Agency as well as operationalisation of multilateral Lithuanian-Polish-Ukrainian brigade in the CSDP domain. The article concludes that Poland and Lithuania remain active supporters of the Euroatlantic solidarity promoting effective NATO and EU cooperation. It is also stated that CSDP could not be the substitute for NATO and ensure regional security. Therefore, the similarities of the strategic interests of Lithuania and Poland in CSDP are expressed more than differences despite a rather bigger Poland‘s ambitions in the certain periods.
Appears in Collections:Politikos mokslų almanachas 2016, [t.] 19

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