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Type of publication: Straipsnis / Article
Author(s): Griniuk, Marija
Title: Ukrainos Podolės regiono XIX a. ikonų techniniai ir ikonografiniai ypatumai
Other Title: Technical and iconographical peculiarities of 19th century icons of Podolia Region (Ukraine)
Is part of: Soter : religijos mokslo žurnalas, 2015, nr. 53(81), p. 69-80
Date: 2015
Keywords: Baroque;Features;Mother of God;Folklore;Canvas;Icons;Savior;Primer;Wood board;Podolia region;Painting;Ukraine;Stylistics;Saints;Barokas;Bruožai;Dievo Motina;Folkloras;Drobė;Ikonos;Išganytojas;Gruntas;Medžio lenta;Podolės regionas;Tapyba;Ukraina;Stilistika;Šventieji
Abstract: 19th century folk icons of Podolia region (Ukraine) were not taken into consideration by art critics as historicallyvaluable until the late 19th century. The first articles devoted to this theme by L. Popova, V. Svencickayaand V. Otkovich appeared in the mid 80’s.Podolia region icons differ technically compared to icons of other regions of the same period, since paintersof Podolia region icons were the first to start using canvas. This may have been influenced by WesternEuropean artists or may have been a solution of the lack of wood industry in the region. Painting technique isoil painting. Besides icons on canvas there are also a few on wood. The icons make up 3 main groups by size:icons on canvas which were painted for the interiors of churches are 140–170 cm long and narrow – 50–70 cmwide; icons on canvas which were placed in the interiors of houses are 52 x 82 cm; the third group is icons onwood – 35 x 26 or 40 x 30 cm.Stylistically Podolia region icons differ from icons of other regions in realistic painting of faces and handsof figures, although the background and clothes still remain in decorative style. The colours are bright butnever dissonant. The most common colours of backgrounds are dark. The style of these icons is based on folktraditions.
Istoriniame ir kultūriniame kontekste apžvelgiamos Ukrainos Podolės regiono XIX a. ikonos. Atskleidžiami stiliaus ypatumai ir įmanomos kilmės versijos. Taip pat aptariami XIX a. Podolės ikonų technologiniai skiriamieji bruožai. Kalbama apie XIX a. Ukrainos ikonų situaciją Lietuvos dailės muziejuje. Straipsnis parengtas remiantis magistro darbu „Podolės regiono ikonos“ (darbo vadovė dr. Rūta Janonienė).
Appears in Collections:SOTER: religijos mokslo žurnalas / SOTER: Journal of Religious Science 2015, nr. 53(81)

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