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Type of publication: Straipsnis / Article
Author(s): Malinauskaitė, Aušra
Title: Efektyvus socialinių ir emocinių kompetencijų skatinimo būdas vaikų darželyje – prevencinė programa „Lubo iš kosmoso“
Other Title: Effective method of promoting social and emotional competences in kindergarten using preventive program “Lubo from Outer Space”
Is part of: Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai, 2011, nr. 8(2), p. 73-88
Date: 2011
Keywords: Vaikų darželis;Socialinės kompetencijos;Emocinės kompetencijos;Emotional competencies;Social competencies;Kindergarten
Abstract: Emocinės kompetencijos suteikia pagrindą tinkamam socialiniam elgesiui vystytis, tad svarbu šiuos įgūdžius skatinti jų raidos pradžioje – iki mokyklinio amžiaus.Efektyvi priemonė, užkertanti kelią elgesio sutrikimams, yra prevencinė programa „Lubo iš Kosmoso!“, ugdanti ikimokyklinio amžiaus vaikų socialines ir emocines kompetencijas. Straipsnyje pristatoma šios prevencinės programos metodinė struktūra, palengvinanti vaikų darželio auklėtojų ar socialinių darbuotojų darbą.
Our behavioral standards and limits are determined by the society in which we live, which also holds certain expectations regarding our conduct in the surrounding environment. Therefore, if we strive to live a full-fledged life in harmony with the surroundings, we need understand the significance of the role played by our skills and abilities in the field of communication and relations with other people. The ability to develop relationships and socialize is closely related to emotional skills. We could hardly be able to interact with each other successfully if we had developed no empathy, which is our ability to recognize and share feelings with the environment, another person or situation, or if we had failed to learn to rationally control our emotions. It would be hard to start any relationships if we could not even understand our own feelings. The new studies confirm that emotional competencies are the basis for the development of proper social conduct (Petermann, Wiedebusch, 2003, based on Hillenbrand et al., 2009). The exposure of proper behavior requires more than just the possession of individual knowledge and skills in the field of socially competent behavior. One must also know how to use such information in each particular situation. Therefore, the core condition for socially competent behavior is the ability to properly understand the situation, evaluate and empathize with it as well as to be able to use self-control (Fydrich, Bürgener, 1999; Petermann, 1999). It is especially important to foster social and emotional skills at the beginning of their development, i.e. in their pre-school stage, to prevent behavioral disorders in children (Hillenbrand, Henneman, 2005). Most importantly, we should encourage children to learn how to understand their emotions and control them as well as develop the ability to empathize with others. Social employees and kindergarten teachers point out that this field especially lacks the methods and possibilities for an effective promotion of the development of social and emotional competencies, the demand for which is particularly high when working with the children from higher risk groups. The preventive program “Lubo from Outer Space!” supports positive behavior of children and facilitates the everyday life of children in kindergartens. The methods used in the program are based on the promotion of social and emotional competencies proven effective by scientific researches.
Appears in Collections:Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai / Social Work. Experience and Methods 2011, nr. 8(2)

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