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Type of publication: Straipsnis / Article
Author(s): Šimoliūnas, Algirdas
Title: Žmonių su negalia profesinė reabilitacija. Paslaugų neįgaliesiems organizavimas ir socialinių įmonių kūrimas
Other Title: Professional rehabilitation of disabled people. The organization of services for people with disabilities and astablishment of social enterprises
Is part of: Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai, 2008, nr. 1(1), p. 71-78
Date: 2008
Keywords: Disability;Rehabilitation;Social Enterprises;Negalia;Reabilitacija;Socialinės įmonės
Abstract: Every country must avow that people with disabilities have privilege to use human rights specially in work field. It doesn’t mater where they live – in village or in town, people with disabilities must have equal rights to get good well paid job. The main human’s material welfare guarantee is right to work and to get normal salary. Other guarantees are money, social support to compensate incomes which disabled person loses.Still trade market determines that particular social groups can not compete to get a beter job or to create own business, that’s why most of European Union countries have to take social responsibility to solve disabled people problems to get a job.One of unemployment solution and one of country’s social responsibility’s implementation is social enterprise incentive establishment. In 2003 there was made a research about social integration problems for disabled people from childhood. This research showed that young disabled people from childhood make a group of people with complex disabilities and they are not enough independent. This people have need for self-expression, perfection and work. During the research transpared that social services that are given in ambulatory instutions almost suits to the respondents needs, but this system is still undersell developed in Lithuania.Mostly disabled young people are left at home between „four walls“ or placed in nursing houses, they don’t have any real opportunities to realize themselves and to be integrated into the society, so happens because of objective and subjective reasons, which arouse because of this category young people group’s specific social needs absence of appeasement chance.
2003 m. autorius atliko tyrimą „Suaugusiųjų neįgaliųjų iš vaikystės su judėjimo negalia socialinės integracijos problemos“. Šio tyrimo rezultatai parodė, kad suaugusieji neįgalieji iš vaikystės su judėjimo negalia sudaro jaunų, dažnai turinčių kompleksinę negalią, nepakankamai savarankiškų asmenų grupę. Šie asmenys turi savirealizacijos, tobulėjimo ir darbo poreikį. Paaiškėjo, kad teikiamos socialinės paslaugos nestacionariose įstaigose beveik atitinka respondentų poreikius, tačiau ši sistema nepakankamai išvystyta Lietuvoje.
Appears in Collections:Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai / Social Work. Experience and Methods 2008, nr. 1(1)

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