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Type of publication: Straipsnis / Article
Author(s): Šumskienė, Eglė;Pūras, Dainius
Title: Eikit pažiūrėt, kaip neturi būt : psichikos sveikatos politikos raida ir jos rezultatai
Other Title: Check out the way it shouldn‘t be managed : mental health policy development and outcomes
Is part of: Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai, 2014, nr. 13(1), p. 75-90
Date: 2014
Abstract: The article presents results of the qualitative experts’ research which was conducted in 2012–2013 within the frame of a project “Challenges of Implementation of Lithuanian Mental Health Policy”. The article analyzes development of the Lithuanian mental health care system from the perspectives of its‘ supporters and critics. Special attention is drawn on the relationship between practices inherited from the Soviet time and modern innovations which are slowly gaining momentum. Authors of the article come to the conclusion that the mental health care system is based on out-dated principles and that it is unable to adequately respond to chronic and newly emerging problems; despite of these obvious failures in the implementation level mental health reform never appears on the political agenda as a serious issue of a strategic level to be discussed.Non-governmental organizations pilot and introduce new mental health services which are distinguished by their innovative nature, and incompatibility with the general stagnating context within the mental health care system. The inert system perceives these innovations as threats to its’ homeostasis and reacts in the traditional direction towards its restoration: a) either new services are financially and institutionally suppressed as unjustified and the system returns to its equilibrium; or (b) new services become integrated into customary systemic practices thus strengthening the former institutional design.Researchers also distinguish between the two types of stakeholders within the mental health care system, who differ significantly in understanding of the status quo and the future of the system. One group is represented by long-term representatives of the system (politicians, officials, directors of institutions), the second group is represented by reformers of the system (members of NGOs, academics, relatives of service users). The first group dominates in the process decision making and implementation whereas role of the second group in the policy making process remains very small.
Straipsnyje pristatomas kokybinis ekspertų tyrimas, atliktas 2012–2013 metais įgyvendinant projektą „Iššūkiai įgyvendinant Lietuvos psichikos sveikatos politiką“. Tyrimo metu iš psichikos sveikatos politikos „senbuvių“ ir jos kritikų perspektyvos siekiama įvertinti psichikos sveikatos priežiūros sistemos raidą Nepriklausomybės laikotarpiu, ypatingą dėmesį skiriant santykiui tarp sovietmečio praktikų ir bandomų diegti modernių inovacijų. Straipsnio autoriai daro išvadas, kad nevyriausybinių organizacijų iniciatyva diegiamos paslaugos savo pažangumu išsišoka iš bendro stagnatyvaus konteksto ir kelia grėsmę psichikos sveikatos priežiūros sistemos homeostazei. Inertiškumu pasižyminti psichikos sveikatos priežiūros sistema į šiuos iššūkius reaguoja dviem būdais: arba šios paslaugos „numarinamos“ kaip nepasiteisinusios ir grįžtama prie tradicinių paslaugų teikimo būdų, arba integruojamos į įprastas sistemines praktikas ir tik sustiprina iki tol egzistavusią institucinę sąrangą. Tyrimą finansavo Lietuvos mokslo taryba (sutarties Nr. SIN-16/2012).
Appears in Collections:Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai / Social Work. Experience and Methods 2014, nr. 13 (1)

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