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Type of publication: master thesis
Field of Science: Filologija / Philology (H004)
Author(s): Giknienė, Ramunė
Title: Mokslo populiarinamųjų tekstų struktūra
Other Title: The Structure of Science Popularizing Texts
Extent: 79 p.
Date: 16-Jun-2005
Keywords: Science Popularizing Stile;mokslo populiarinamasis postilis
Abstract: Scientific style is divided into so-called sub-styles, whose ground of dissociation – reader and its goals, i.e. one of the non linguistic factors, - is component of communication act. All features of sub-style of popularizing science are determined by the ratio between author and reader. Author is qualified specialist and the reader is not specified. The most important function of sub-style of popularizing science is to present formal information. Expressive and appellate functions are realized in conjunction with message and popularizing function. Popularizing science texts, likewise scientific texts are dissociated on the other base, i.e. under the content of rendering information. This principle recognizes exact science, natural and art texts, which are divided according to physiques, mathematics, astronomy and other sciences. The average length of popularizing science sub-style sentence is x=12,5 words. The difference between average length of sentence of all sciences texts is not big (x=12,3 words in art science, x=13,1 words in natural science and x=12,1 words in exact science). Simple sentences dominate in texts of popularizing science sub-styles and totals 66,6 %. In consequence composite sentences makes only 33,4 %. The distribution of sentence length groups in texts of all sciences is not even, but the same tendency is noted: the center of frequencies consists of short sentences, the second place takes very short sentences. The group of average length sentences takes the third place in sentence frequencies. The smallest part in texts of all sciences is held by very long sentences. The groups of simple sentences length have better resolution. Art texts feature very short sentences (48,2 %) and the center of frequencies of natural sciences consists of short and very short sentences. Subordinate, important asyndetic and coordinate sentences have the overbalance among composite sentences. Mixed sentences have the smallest comparative part in the repartition sphere of composite sentences. Due to its sophisticated structure of syntax they are used more rarely than composite sentences of different types. The repartition of length groups of composite sentences is not even. Most of all composite sentences (86,4 %) are located in the group of short and average length sentences. The research of morphologic structure of popularizing science sub-style showed that a noun has an obvious overbalance and a frequency of a verb and its inflective forms depends on the science. The repartition of adjectives in all science texts is quite even but their amount is not big. The pronoun is more frequent in the texts of art and exact sciences (9,2 and 9,4 %). Other speech parts distribute in all science’s texts quite evenly. It was clarified that the average length of sentence of popularizing science texts slightly differs from the sentence length of public style (x=12,5 words and x=13,3 words). The repartition of groups of sentence length is very close to texts of public style. It is sometimes stated, that popularizing science sub-style is close to educational. Nevertheless the boundary between popularizing science and educational sub-style is very clear: educational texts are dedicated to the reader, i.e. a pupil of a certain class and popularizing science texts are nominated wide audience. The comparison of all parameters of sentences length shows that popularizing science sub-style has more conjunctive features with public style and less with science style.
Affiliation(s): Švietimo akademija
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:VDU, ASU ir LEU iki / until 2018

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