The master thesis contains anatomical – morphological description of axial parts, normally steams, rhizomsteams and leaves, of Lunaria rediviva L., Lunaria annua L. All investigated parts contains (heterobathmy). Steams and rhizomsteams contain glands of shizogenical origin, but roots do not have it. Impact of vegetation conditions to anatomical – morphological texture of mezohygrophites was investigated. In creah (humid habital) hygromorphical characteristics were revealed: - more space among the cells were found and the were bigger; - less amount of supporting tissues; - wolls of the were less warred; - relatively less atomata in a measurement. In a terrace (dry habital) kseromorphical characteristics were revealed: - cells of the supporting tissues were more solid and there bigger quantity of them; - epidermal cells were smaller but wolls the cells were more warred; - the type stoma apparatus and amount of stomata in a measurement. Circulating tissues in steams of Lunaria rediviva were changing are arranged in fascicular type, in rhizomesteams in non – fascicular type. Size of circulating tissues varies depending on habital. Medulles rays are heteroghenical, composed by 2 – 5 cells rows.