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Type of publication: master thesis
Field of Science: Matematika / Mathematics (N001)
Author(s): Kutut, Janina
Supervisor: Banionis, Juozas
Title: Tikimybių teorijos elementai Lietuvos vidurinėje mokykloje XXa: istorinė ir dalykinė analizė
Other Title: Probability theory teaching in Lithuania' schools during 20th century
Extent: 42 p.
Date: 19-Jun-2006
Keywords: tikimybių teorija;probability theory
Abstract: In this paper I have separated three periods of probability theory teaching: 1. Probability theory teaching in Lithuania during 1920-1940’s. 2. Probability theory teaching in Lithuania during 1960-1990’s. 3. Probability theory teaching in Lithuania during 1991-2000’s. In the prewar Lithuania probability theory was a separate science already, examined in university, applied in other disciplines. In secondary schools subject was not taught yet. At that moment first textbook of probability theory was published: V. Biržiška, Fundamentals of mathematical probability theory: lectures in Lithuanian university during 1928 – 1929’s in Kaunas, 1930, p. 588. This science was very interesting for the mathematicians. Probability theory gained importance in the everyday life, too. At the end of 1940’s elements of probability theory were included into mathematics programs in the further education schools. During 1960-1990’s probability theory was studied in the Lithuanian schools as an optional subject. Course was rather wide and complicated. At that period many additional training aids appeared, scholars carried out research and experiments, searched for optimal methods of teaching probability theory. Science as such was interesting not only for the scientists, methodologists, but for the psychologists, too, who examined children, trying to decide, what age is the best to start learning probability theory. At that moment Vytautas Liutikas published his book „How probabilities of events can be calculated“, Kaunas, Šviesa, 1972, p. 224, where material is very clearly and simply presented to the readers. In the 1990’s course of probability theory was included into general mathematics programs of the secondary schools and taught on the 11-12 study year. In the course of time subject becomes simpler. There are less concepts and less formula are required. Much more new text-books are published, for example Plikusas A., Elements of combinatorics, probability theory and statistics. Schoolbook for XI – XII grades. Kaunas, Šviesa, 1993, p. 93 and Steponavičius A., Mathematics 10 – 12. Kaunas, Šviesa, 2000, p. 326. At last course is integrated in the younger classes
Appears in Collections:VDU, ASU ir LEU iki / until 2018

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