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Type of publication: conference paper
Type of publication (PDB): Konferencijų tezės nerecenzuojamuose leidiniuose / Conference theses in non-peer-reviewed publications (T2)
Field of Science: Biochemija / Biochemistry (N004)
Author(s): Nenartavičius, Tomas;Kuliešienė, Neringa;Sakalauskaitė, Sandra;Yousef, Samy;Daugelavičius, Rimantas
Title: Recycling of waste money bills by using microbial hydrolysis and ethanol fermentation
Is part of: Open readings 2020: 63nd international conference for students of physics and natural sciences, March 17-20, 2020, Vilnius, Lithuania: abstracts book. Vilnius : Vilnius University, 2020
Extent: p. 444-444
Date: 2020
ISBN: 9786090703779
Abstract: Increasing gas prices and environmental concerns have become the driving force for developing alternative energy sources in recent years. The most popular second-generation biofuels are bioethanol, produced from non-food biomass. Waste money bills (WMBs) are potential material that can be used to produce ethanol because it contains about 95 % of cellulose [1]. According to the Cash Department of the Bank of Lithuania comment, WMBs are non-recyclable materials in Europe. Therefore, the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei is well-known as the best cellulase producer and it can be used for enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose based material. Furthermore, Ogataea polymorpha is known as thermotolerant yeasts. The ability to grow at 50 °C is necessary to combine hydrolysis with ethanol fermentation [2]. The aim of this study is to optimize hydrolysis and ethanol production from the WMBs by using the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reese ATCC 26921 and the thermotolerant yeasts Ogataea polymorpha ΔCAT8. In this study, the pretreated WMBs samples (treated by milling and alkali treatment) were used as carbon sources for cellulase production in shake flask fermentation. The total cellulase activity was determined by filter paper assay [3]. Cellulase activity was expressed as filter paper unit for 1 g substrate (FPU/g). Cellulase production could be significantly influenced by the effect of nitrogen sources [4]. We found that the use of soybean meal or yeast extract as nitrogen sources resulted in the highest cellulases activity (5 FPU/g). The same activity was exposed in standard Mandels medium that consists of mixture of yeast extract, urea and ammonium sulfate [5]. These medium components could be replaced with other types of nitrogen sources (e.g. soybean meal) to achieve lower costs of hydrolysis process. Physical changes of the WMBs were detected by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). The decomposition of cellulose fibers were detected after 7 days (Fig. 1.)[...]
Affiliation(s): Biochemijos katedra
Kauno technologijos universitetas
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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