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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis kituose recenzuojamuose leidiniuose / Article in other peer-reviewed editions (S5)
Field of Science: Istorija ir archeologija / History and archaeology (H005)
Author(s): Tamošaitis, Mindaugas
Title: Savarankiškos LKP (LDDP) dalyvavimas 1990 m. Lietuvos SSR Aukščiausiosios Tarybos ir 1992 m. Lietuvos Respublikos Seimo rinkimuose
Other Title: Participation of the independent Communist Party of Lithuania (CPL)- Democratic Labour Party of Lithuania (DLP) in the elections to the Supreme Soviet of the Lithuanian SSR (1990) and the elections to the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania (1992)
Is part of: Parlamento studijos : mokslo darbai. Vilnius : Lietuvos nacionalinė Martyno Mažvydo biblioteka., 2019, Nr. 26
Extent: p. 69-104
Date: 2019
Keywords: Rinkimai;Lietuvos SSR Aukščiausioji Taryba (LSSR AT);Lietuvos Respublikos Aukščiausioji Taryba (LR AT);Lietuvos Respublikos Seimas (LRS);Konstitucija;Sąjūdis;Savarankiška Lietuvos komunistų partija (LKP);Lietuvos demokratinė darbo partija (LDDP);Algirdas Brazauskas;Vytautas Landsbergis;Tėvynės sąjunga-Lietuvos konservatoriai (TS-LK);Elections;Supreme Soviet of the Lithuanian SSR (SSL SSR);Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania (SC RL);Constitution;Independent Communist Party of Lithuania;Democratic Labour Party of Lithuania (DLP);Homeland Union-Lithuanian Conservatives (HU-LC)
Abstract: Straipsnyje, remiantis gausia šaltinių baze, išskirtinis dėmesys skiriamas savarankiškos Lietuvos komunistų partijos (LKP), kuri 1990 m. pabaigoje pasivadino Lietuvos demokratine darbo partija (LDDP), dalyvavimui Lietuvoje vykusiuose demokratiniuose rinkimuose 1990 m. į Lietuvos SSR Aukščiausiąją Tarybą (LSSR AT) ir 1992 m. į Lietuvos Respublikos Seimą (LRS). Juose Lietuvos piliečiai balsavo skirtingai: pirmuose rinkimuose triuškinamą pergalę šventė Sąjūdis, o po dvejų metų – LDDP. Aiškinama, dėl kurių priežasčių šiuose rinkimuose skirtingai sekėsi savarankiškai LKP (LDDP) ir jos pagrindiniam konkurentui Sąjūdžiui. Daug dėmesio skiriama savarankiškos LKP ir jos lyderio Algirdo Brazausko požiūriui į Lietuvos nepriklausomybės atkūrimą (iki 1990 m. pradžioje vykusių parlamento rinkimų), partijos pertvarkai rengiantis 1992 m. šalies parlamento rinkimams, plačiau aptariamos LDDP sėkmės minėtuose rinkimuose priežastys. Pabaigoje aptariamos tyrimo metu gautos išvados
Democratic elections to the Supreme Soviet of the Lithuanian SSR in 1990, and elections to the Seimas in 1992, had a significant importance at the time when Lithuanians started liberation process from the USSR, began to build the foundation of statehood, and implemented democratic system. Lithuania‘s independence was restored when Sąjūdis’ candidates won the first democratic elections. Since that time Lithuanian government resisted the political and economic pressure from USSR officials, succeeded to gain international recognition and adopt various laws which have laid the foundations of Lithuanian statehood. DLP won the majority in the elections to the Seimas in 1992. Since then democratic Constitution in a way of referendum was adopted and political activities which were started at the beginning of independence were continued. In the field of foreign policy, Lithuania‘s orientation towards the economic and political integration of the Western world remained a priority. In historiography traditionally much attention is paid to the victory of Sąjūdis in the elections to the Supreme Soviet of the Lithuanian SSR in1990. As well the reasons for the success of this political force are explained and the general characteristics of the election campaign are discussed only in general terms including the defeat of independent LCP. However, the situation of the LCP before the elections, the LCP leader A. Brazauskas’ attitude towards the restoration of Lithuania‘s independence and reasons for party‘s failure in the elections of 1990 is not sufficiently researched. Similar situation exists with regard to the participation of the DLP in the elections of 1992. In historiography, the reasons for the victory of the party are only superficially discussed. Situation of the DLP in its attempts to recover from failure in 1990 has not been investigated.[...]
Affiliation(s): Mokytojų rengimo institutas
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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