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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis Clarivate Analytics Web of Science / Article in Clarivate Analytics Web of Science (S1)
Field of Science: Ekologija ir aplinkotyra / Ecology and environmental sciences (N012);Ekonomika / Economics (S004)
Author(s): Mikša, Ovidijus;Chen, Xueli;Baležentienė, Ligita;Štreimikienė, Dalia;Baležentis, Tomas
Title: Ecological challenges in life cycle assessment and carbon budget of organic and conventional agroecosystems: A case from Lithuania
Is part of: Science of the total environment. Amsterdam : Elsevier Science BV, 2020, Vol. 714
Extent: p. 1-8
Date: 2020
Note: Article no. 136850
Keywords: CO2 emissions;Farming;Environment;Wheat;Rapeseed;Barley
Abstract: The carbon footprint for organic and conventional crop farming systems was assessed in Kaunas district (CentralLithuania) using the Life Cycle Analysis (LCA). Data fromfield experiments were applied to define the effects ofthe organic and conventional crop farming systems. Both manure and mineral fertilizers were applied to the con-ventional and only manure in the organic rotations. The closed chamber method was employed to calculate carbon footprints of emitted and absorbed CO2fluxes. The carbonflows in different agro-ecosystems were alsoanalysed by the estimation of the biomass and leaf area index. The carbon footprints per hectare obtained forthe organic farming systems were significantly lower than those obtained for the conventional ones. These results imply that the analysis of the whole crop rotation based on the LCA remains an important issue for analysisof the effects of farming. The introduction of ley and maize into the both organic (OF) and conventional farming(CF) systems resulted in the highest sank of C rates from the atmosphere that has been accumulated in highestnet ecosystem production (NEP). The estimates of the carbon footprint indicate the capability of crops to seques-ter atmospheric carbon in biomass. Nonetheless, out of the crops considered, only ley featured the positive carbon balance and the lowest environmental impact due to the lowest CO2emissions and LCA indices in bothfarming systems. The results imply that reasonable crop-mix within the crop rotation schemes may lead to reduction of CO2emissions (i.e. their environmental impact) and mitigation of the climate change. However, thedifferences between the carbon footprint for the OF and CF agroecosystems were insignificant in general
Affiliation(s): Lietuvos agrarinės ekonomikos institutas
Miškų ir ekologijos fakultetas
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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