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Type of publication: Straipsnis Clarivate Analytics Web of Science ar/ir Scopus / Article in Clarivate Analytics Web of Science or / and Scopus (S1)
Field of Science: Biofizika / Biophysics (N011)
Author(s): Novickij, Vitalij;Čėsna, Robertas;Perminaitė, Emilija;Zinkevičienė, Auksė;Characiejus, Dainius;Novickij, Jurij;Šatkauskas, Saulius;Ruzgys, Paulius;Girkontaitė, Irutė
Title: Antitumor response and immunomodulatory effects of sub-microsecond irreversible electroporation and its combination with calcium electroporation
Is part of: Cancers. Basel : Multidisciplinary digital publishing institute (MDPI), 2019, Vol. 11, iss. 11
Extent: p. 1-18
Date: 2019
Keywords: Electroporation;Electrochemotherapy;Immune response;Murine myeloma;Pulsed electric fields;Tumor metastasis
Abstract: In this work, we have investigated the feasibility of sub-microsecond range irreversible electroporation (IRE) with and without calcium electroporation in vivo. As a model, BALB/C mice were used and bioluminescent SP2/0 myeloma tumor models were developed. Tumors were treated with two separate pulsed electric field (PEF) pulsing protocols PEF1: 12 kV/cm 200 ns 500 (0.006 J/pulse) and PEF2: 12 kV/cm 500 ns 500 (0.015 J/pulse), which were delivered with and without Ca2+ (168 mM) using parallel plate electrodes at a repetition frequency of 100 Hz. Both PEF1 and PEF2 treatments reduced tumor growth and prolonged the life span of the mice, however, the PEF2 protocol was more e cient. The delay in tumor renewal was the biggest when a combination of IRE with calcium electroporation was used, however, we did not obtain significant di erences in the final mouse survival compared to PEF2 alone. Anti-tumor immune responses were also investigated after treatment with PEF2 and PEF2+Ca. In both cases the treated mice had enlarged spleens and increased spleen T cell numbers, lower percentages of suppressor cell subsets (conventional CD4+CD25+ Treg, CD4+CD25 DX5+ Tr1, CD8+DX5+, CD4+CD28, CD8+CD28), changed proportions of Tcm and Tef/Tem T cells in the spleen and increased amount of tumor cell specific antibodies in the sera. The treatment based on IRE was e ective against primary tumors, destroyed the tumor microenvironment and induced an anti-tumor immune response, however, it was not sufficient for complete control of tumor metastasis
Affiliation(s): Aplinkos tyrimų centras
Gamtos mokslų fakultetas
Valstybinis mokslinių tyrimų institutas, Inovatyvios medicinos centras
Vilniaus Gedimino technikos universitetas
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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