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  • research article ; ; ;
    Journal of water and land development. Raszyn : Institute for land reclamation and grassland farming., No. 11 (2007), p. 17-30
    The study presents the critical evaluation of existing drainage systems from legal, economical, environmental and technical viewpoints. Nearly 80% of agricultural land in Lithuania drained by underground drainage systems covers around 3 million hectares . The prevailing large scale drainage systems with a complex of engineering structures such as conducting ditches, drains and collectors, local roads, bridges or farm road-crossings, dikes, dams, water reservoirs, pumping stations for irrigation and for drainage need today an efficient management solution in a new economic situation. The detailed analysis of legal and economic instruments adopted in transferring the management responsibilities of drainage systems to users has been carried out. The study resulted in a number of practical contributions towards the amendments in the Law on Land Reclamation in Lithuania and the establishment of a system of indicators that would allow rationalisation of subsidy allocations for the maintenance and improvement of the drainage systems. These subsidies from the state budget make at the moment the largest share among the investment sources. The financial and in kind contribution of drainage users is permanently increasing as are the allocations of the structural funds for public projects. The EU pre-accession programme SAPARD started in 2000 has supported some investments in rural areas. Unfortunately, it did not support the drainage infrastructure properly. A critical review of previous measures allowed suggesting new actions within the framework of the actual support from EU structural funds.
  • Publication
    Les énergies renouvelables dans les pays Baltes: le cas de l’hydroelectricité
    [Renewable energy in the Baltic countries: the case of hydropower]
    research article ; ; ;
    Štreimikienė, Dalia
    Houille blanche - revue internationale de l eau. , 2006, Iss.1, p. 91-101
    This paper analysis the use of renewable energy sources (RES) dedicated mainly for electricity generation in the Baltic countries (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania). Hydropower sector including both large (medium) and small power plants is particularly considered. The region has very limited energy resources of its own and is heavily dependent on the import of the primary energy sources (in some way except Estonia). The main objective of energy policy of the Baltic countries is to reduce such a total dependence by favouring the use of RES. A brief description of energy sector is given, focusing on electricity generation. RES potential currently in use and to be exploited in the future is discussed. The countries targets broken down according to the individual RES to meet the EU "green" electricity directive (20011771 CE) are presented. Small and large hydropower potential is analyzed, a general overview of hydroplants in operation and planned schemes is provided. A particular attention is devoted to environmental and social aspects of hydropower development. The requirements of the protected areas in relation to dam construction are analyzed. an estimation of resistance to small hydropower development is shown. The environmental legislation including forbidden rivers for damming actually in force in the Baltic countries is considered: hydropower image perceptible by general public, NGOs and official environmental bodies are discussed. The causes and legal basis of the promulgation of the list of forbidden rivers are revealed. A conclusion is drawn that the contradiction between the two EU legal frameworks - environmental protection and promotion of renewables, in the case of hydropower exists. The evaluation of the quantitative impact of the forbidden rivers on hydropower resources in Lithuania proves the environmental legislation is one of the strictest in the European countries.
  • research article ; ;
    Чалов, Р. С.
    Эрозионные и русловые процесс : межвузовский научно-координационный совет по проблеме эрозионных, русловых и устьевых процессов при МГУ. Вып. Москва, p. 274-286
  • research article ;
    Morkūnas, Vytautas
    Šaulys, Valentinas
    Integrated Land and Water Management[elektroninis išteklius] : Towards Sustainable Rural Development : ICID 21st European Regional Conference, 15-19 May, 2005 Frankfurt (Oder), Germany, and Słubice, Poland. Frankfurt (Oder), 2005, p. 1-8
    The declaration of the independence of Lithuania in 1991 was an impulse for large-scale reforms in all sectors of country live. The reforms in land reclamation sector with drainage systems of 3 million hectares and large number of different structures were necessary as well. The main problems to be solved were the preparation and implementation of new principles of management, repair and rehabilitation of the existing drainage systems and construction of the new ones. The critical evaluation of existing drainage systems from economical, environmental and technical points of view was carried out.
  • conference paper
    XIII pasaulio lietuvių mokslo ir kūrybos simpoziumas, Vilnius, 2005 m. birželio 30 d. - liepos 4 : tezių rinkinys. Vilnius, 2005, p. 281
  • conference paper ;
    Meteorologija ir hidrologija Lietuvoje [CD-ROM] : raida ir perspektyvos : konferencijos medžiaga, 2005 kovo 23 d., Vilnius. Vilnius : Vilniaus universiteto l-kla, 2005, p. 69-70
  • research article
    Žemėtvarka ir hidrotechnika. , 2004, Nr. 1, p. 101-102
  • journal article ;
    Žemėtvarka ir hidrotechnika. , 2004, Nr. 2, p. 92
  • research article
    Žemėtvarka ir hidrotechnika. , 2004, Nr. 1, p. 43-46