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Type of publication: master thesis
Field of Science: Sociologija / Sociology (S005)
Author(s): Baublienė, Erika
Supervisor: Naujanienė, Rasa
Title: Iš nevilties į viltį: psichosocialinę negalią turinčių asmenų gyvenimo su negalia patirtys
Other Title: From despair to hope: experiences of people with psychosocial disabilities
Extent: 69 p.
Date: 21-May-2019
Keywords: Vilties teorija;Egzistencializmas;Psichosocialinė negalia;Hope theory;Existential perspective;Psychosocial disability
Abstract: Šiandienėje visuomenėje dėl politinių, socialinių veiksnių įtakos keičiasi psichikos sutrikimų turinčių asmenų samprata. Šiandien psichikos sutrikimų turintys asmenys įvardijami kaip turintys psichosocialinę negalią, - tai nurodo, kad žmonės yra nugalinti socialinių aplinkybių. Psichosocialinę negalią gali nulemti biologiniai, socialiniai, psichologiniai veiksniai. Tyrimo metu išryškėja neišpildyti egzistenciniai - dvasiniai poreikiai, tokie kaip savęs suvokimas, savo autentiškumas, pojūtis būti reikalingam, jausti viltį ir asmeninio orumo poreikis kaip dar viena prielaida. Tyrimo objektas - psichosocialinę negalią turinčių asmenų patirtys. Tyrimo tikslas - atskleisti ir interpretuoti psichosocialinę negalią turinčių asmenų patirtis egzistencinėje ir vilties paradigmoje.
In today's society, influenced by political and social factors, the concept of people with mental disorders is changing. Today, people with mental disorders are identified as having a psychosocial disability, which indicates that people are disempowered by social circumstances. Psychosocial disability can be determined by biological, social, and psychological factors. The research reveals unfulfilled existential – spiritual needs, such as self-perception, self-authenticity, the sense of being needed, the need to feel hope, and the need of personal dignity as one of the preconditions. The object of the research is the experience of persons with psychosocial disability. The aim of the research is to reveal and interpret the experience of persons with psychosocial disability in the paradigm of existence and hope. The following objectives have been set to achieve the aim: 1) To describe how persons with disability perceive the causes of psychosocial disability. 2) To reveal how people with psychosocial disability perceive aid resources in their daily lives. 3) To describe the guidelines for the improvement of social services from the perspective of persons with psychosocial disability. In order to reveal the experience of people with psychosocial disability, the methodology of qualitative research by collecting data by means of the method of a semi-structured individual interview was selected. The research included 6 research participants. The content analysis method was chosen to analyse the research data. The research revealed that mental health is a multi-layered phenomenon determined by many factors. From the existential perspective, human nature is internal, life is perceived as a journey towards change. These changes can be a discovery of oneself as a person or self-empowerment to exploit one's inner potential and to create a meaningful life. The research revealed the meaning of hope theory in the lives of the research participants as one of the ways to survive in difficult situations by discovering one's aim. Existential perception of oneself as a unique being without feeling "different" becomes important as well. Improvement of social services is defined through community services, creation of them. Dissemination of social work is revealed, the emphasis is put on the ability of professionals to integrate knowledge so that the client would feel the master of their situation and the expert.
Appears in Collections:2019 m. (SMF mag.)

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