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Type of publication: Magistro darbas / Master thesis
Field of Science: Teisė / Law
Author(s): Vilytė, Aurelija
Title: Ar priverstinio gydymo netaikymas nepažeidžia visuomenės sveikatos?
Other Title: Does the prevention of infectious diseases treatment violates public health?
Extent: 37 p.
Date: 7-Jun-2018
Event: Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas. Teisės fakultetas
Keywords: Užkrečiamosios ligos;Priverstinis gydymas;Visuomenės sveikata;Contagious diseases;Medical treatment;Public health
Abstract: Šio darbo tikslas buvo nustatyti, ar priverstinio gydymo netaikymas nepažeidžia visuomenės sveikatos, pateikiant ir analizuojant probleminius prevencinio gydymo aspektus. Atsakant į iškeltą darbo tikslą buvo remiamasi Lietuvos teisės aktais, reglamentuojančiais užkrečiamųjų ligų profilaktiką ir prevenciją. Apžvelgiami Europos Sąjungos teisės aktai reglamentuojantys užkrečiamųjų ligų prevenciją, taip pat remiamasi užsienio šalių teisės aktais ir jų taikoma teismų praktika. Vadovaujantis Lietuvos ir užsienio šalių atlikto tyrimo analize yra atskleidžiama užkrečiamųjų ligų priverstinės prevencijos teigiami ir neigiami aspektai taip pat atsižvelgiama į vaiko interesų, teisių pirmumo klausimą ligų kontekste. Analizuojant bendrai užkrečiamųjų ligų prevencijos ypatumus neturėtų būti besąlygiškai užtikrinamos priverstinės prevencinės priemones, kadangi reikėtų atsižvelgti ir į sergančiojo privatumą į jo teises. Užkrečiamųjų ligų prevencines priemonės tūrėtų būti adekvačiai apgalvotos, norint žmones gydyti priverstinai reikia patenkinti visų piliečių teises, tiek asmens turinčio teisę į sveiką aplinką, tiek sergančiojo teises. Šiame darbe iškelta hipotezė pasitvirtino, priverstinio gydymo netaikymas pažeidžia visuomenės sveikatą. Nors ir taikant priverstines prevencines priemones sergančiojo teises būtų suvaržytos, tačiau turime atsižvelgti į tai, kad vieno asmens atsisakymas gydytis gali sukelti didžiulę grėsmę visuomenei, kadangi pavojingos užkrečiamosios ligos greitai plinta dėl to reikia teikti pirmumą teisei į sveiką aplinką, kadangi sveikata yra visuotinė ir pripažįstama pagrindine žmogaus vertybe tai patvirtina darbe atlikta analizė.
The aim of this work was to determine whether the prevention of compulsory medical treatment does not violate public health. In response to the objective of the work, reference was made of the Lithuanian legislation which regulates the prevention of infectious diseases. To reach the set aim problematic aspects and issues were analyzed associated of legal acts of the Republic of Lithuania and acts of the European Union. Based of the analysis of Lithuanian and foreign scientific literature and the conducted research, facts were revealed of both positive and negative sides of the prevention of infectious diseases. In many parts of the world infectious diseases remains relevant. Many countries face challenges of infectious disease control. Health providers must overcome substantial challenges to meet the needs of the public for protection from infectious diseases. These include structural issues such as their limited jurisdiction, popular apathy about public health goals, disease-associated stigma and social hostility that may interfere with effective public health work. According to the analysis of the research carried out by Lithuania and foreign countries, the positive and negative aspects of the prevention of infectious diseases are revealed, and the child's interests and rights of priority rights in the context of illnesses are also taken into account. Analyzing the general features of prevention of infectious diseases should not unconditionally ensure preventive measures, as the privacy of the patient in his rights should be taken into account. Preventive measures for infectious diseases should be adequately conceived in order to meet the rights of all citizens, both rights of a person with a healthy environment and the rights of a sick person. Infectious diseases are a the most important issue in every state governed by the rule of law. All countries in the world have a common goal to reduce the spread of contagious diseases, and this is done through preventive measures. Rapidly developing medicine contributes to the development of infectious agents, which requires taking into account the innovations of different countries in building a healthy society. Therefore, the question should be answered, does the prevention of infectious diseases violates human rights of health. Analyzing the legislation of the Republic of Lithuania, regulating the prevention of infectious diseases, European Union legal acts, their regulation. Applying countries practice cases to determine whether is necessary of prevention of people with infected diseases when a person refuses to be treated. The most dangerous and most commonly reported infectious diseases such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or carriers of the causative agent, tuberculosis, threats to human health. Combating these diseases requires forced treatment of people infected in order to reach the lowest possible number of people infected and spread throughout the world. I will discuss some of the most dangerous diseases, tuberculosis and HIV. Mentioned diseases pose a danger to our health. Denial of treatment can lead to death. We need to understand that not being at risk poses not only our own health, but also the people around them and those who are the most vulnerable in society. The main objective of preventing the spread of dangerous diseases and protecting most of the lives is the application of preventive measures. After the definition of the concept of diseases under consideration and the damage caused by illnesses will be considered further as the applicable regulation of communicable diseases. The European Union is helping national governments better prepare for situations where there is a health threat in more than one country and better coordination of response actions. For this purpose, for example, it enables the purchase of vaccines and other medical supplies together. Objectives have been successfully implemented, as in recent decades, the EU has been successful in combating infectious diseases with treatment and prevention. But in some countries, infectious diseases are still widespread, and there remains a painful problem that is causing no life. As a result, we should not stop developing preventive measures and reducing the contamination around the world with the help of the EU. Children are one of the most vulnerable social groups due to age characteristics, specific situations in the family and society. The freedom of children is restricted because they do not yet have sufficient understanding to make decisions, but their parents are responsible for them. The rights of the child in the Republic of Lithuania are protected by the Constitution, the Civil Code and other special legal acts. One of the most important institutions for protecting children is also the court. Article 3 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child requires the Member State to provide the child with such protection and care as is necessary for the well-being of the child. The principle of priority of the child's interest is a mandatory international human rights norm. Article 24 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child establishes the right of the child to survive and develop. The hypothesis witch was set in this work proved that without forced treatment the public health is violated. The right to a healthy environment is essential and recognized as the fundamental value of rights, as shown by the analysis carried out at this work.
Appears in Collections:2018 m. (TF mag.)

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