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Type of publication: Magistro darbas / Master thesis
Field of Science: Teisė / Law
Author(s): Snieganaitė, Vaiga
Title: Ar užsienio pilietis, sudaręs santuoką su tos pačios lyties Lietuvos piliečiu užsienio šalyje, turi teisę gauti leidimą laikinai gyventi Lietuvoje remiantis šeimos susijungimo pagrindu?
Other Title: Whether same-sex alien spouse of a citizen of the Republic of Lithuania married abroad has a right for a temporary residence permit in the Republic of Lithuania on the basis of family reunification?
Extent: 32 p.
Date: 12-Jan-2018
Event: Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas. Teisės fakultetas
Keywords: Leidimas laikinai gyventi;Šeimos susijungimas;Santuoka;Tos pačios lyties poros;Temporary residence permit;Family reunification;Marriage;Same-sex couples
Abstract: Šiame magistro darbe nagrinėjama tos pačios lyties asmenų teisė į šeimos gyvenimą kartu, jeigu jų sudaryta santuoka Lietuvoje nėra laikoma galiojančia. Keliamas klausimas, ar reikalavimas norint gauti leidimą laikinai gyventi Lietuvoje sudaryti santuoką atitinkančią Lietuvos Respublikos įstatyme numatytas santuokos sudarymo taisykles nepažeidžia tos pačios lyties porų teisės kartu gyventi bendro šeimos gyvenimo. Darbe apžvelgiama šeimos samprata, jos dinamiškumas bei šeimos sampratos turinio nustatymo problematika leidimo gyventi išdavimo šeimos susijungimo pagrindu kontekste. Analizuojama, ar tos pačios lyties asmenų porą Lietuvoje galima laikyti šeima, jeigu poros santykiai atitinka šeiminius santykius, tačiau užsienyje sudarytos santuokos forma Lietuvoje negali būti pripažįstama. Nors Lietuvoje vyrauja imperatyvus draudimas sudaryti santuokas su tos pačios lyties asmenimis, draudimo tos pačios lyties asmenims gyventi šeiminį gyvenimą Lietuvoje nėra ir negali būti, todėl darbe apžvelgiami Lietuvoje galiojantys imperatyvūs reikalavimai reikalingi norint sudaryti santuoką, siekiama nustatyti ar tai, jog Lietuvoje vyrauja imperatyvus draudimas sudaryti santuoką su tos pačios lyties asmenimis yra pakankamas pagrindas nepripažinti užsienyje teisėtai sudarytos tos pačios lyties asmenų santuokos ir nelaikyti tokios poros šeima. Magistro darbe apžvelgiama tiek nacionalinė, tiek Europos Žmogaus Teisių Teismo praktika, kuriose nagrinėjami šeimos sampratos turinio klausimai bei leidimo gyventi šeimos susijungimo pagrindu išdavimo specifika. Darbe taip pat vertinama valstybės teisė nustatyti nacionalines santuokos sudarymo imperatyvias sąlygas bei jos pareiga, kad įtvirtintos taisyklės atitiktų ir tarptautinius reikalavimus.
According to The Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania family is the basis of society and the State. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights also states that family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State. According to EU law family law and certain migration rules remain under the sole competence of EU countries. According to regulation of the Republic of Lithuania a temporary residence permit can be issued or replaced to an alien who is a spouse or a person with whom an agreement of registered partnership has been concluded on a basis of the family reunion. Constitutional Court of The Republic of Lithuania is currently on the case whether Republic of Lithuania Law on the Legal Status of Aliens guarantee equal rights to individuals who seek to create a family but their marriage is not recognized by national law.The way EU country ensure its citizens right to family reunification remain under the sole competence of EU countries, however, European Court of Human Rights has stated that different aproach of homosexual and heterosexual couples in the immigration context (differences issueing a residence permit to alien on the basis of the family reunion) violate right to respect for private and family life and prohibition of discrimination of European Convention on Human Rights. Therefore the aim of this work is to determine whether the right of same-sex indviduals to family reunion can be carried out if their marriage is not legal in the Republic of Lithuania. This thesis aims to analyze a current situation when an alien from non EU country married to a Lithuanian citizen in a foreign country seeks to get temporary residence permit in Republic of Lithuania although same-sex marriage here is not legal. Although, the substantive family law remains under the sole competence of EU countries the overall reglamentation has to comply with EU law principles. This situation raises a question whether the requirement of marriage to match law regulation of the Republic of Lithuania in order to get temporary residence permission in the Republic of Lithuania violates same-sex couples right to consensual family life. The first part of this thesis work overviews the definition of family, analyses problems of family structure determination, questions whether same-sex couple can be regarded as a family in the Republic of Lithuania if it meets criteria of family relationship but does not match legal family definition of the Republic of Lithuania. Although same-sex marriage is imperatively prohibited in the Republic of Lithuania, there is not and cannot be any form of prohibition of two same-sex individuals living as a family. Therefore this work investigates imperative requirements necessary to marry in the Republic of Lithuania also aims to determine whether the fact same-sex marriage is imperatively prohibited in the Republic of Lithuania is a reasonable basis not to acknowledge same-sex marriage which is legal abroad and not to consider it as a family. Nowadays migration is a common phenomenon and globalization leads to more international marriages, marriages abroad and migration because of that. Protection of the rights of foreigners is crucial in modern law it has to take in consideration not only principles of national law but also international law which regulates human rights and respect for private and family life. Same-sex couples more often face problems with acknowledgment of their marriage because they tend to marry abroad as same-sex marriage can be illegal in their native country as a result they tend not to gain the rights of spouses in a country they choose to live. This thesis reviews practice of European Court of Human Rights and national law of the Republic of Lithuania covering the concept of the family and issuance of temporary residence permit on family reunification basis. This thesis asseses the right of a country to establish national requirements of a valid marriage as well as its obligation for national requirements to meet international requirements. Although establishing of family law including valid marriage conditions is a sole competence of each EU country it raises a question whether country where same-sex marriage is illegal has to acknowledge same-sex marriages legally performed and recognized in another EU country. Even though EU has limited rights to influence its members legislation EU countries have to meet principles of equality, non discrimination and other fundamental human rights. In order to ensure same-sex couples right to respect for private life and family reunification this work expresses idea to supplement Law of the Republic of Lithuania on the Legal Status of Aliens so that temporary residence permit in basis of family reunification could be provided to same-sex spouses as the essence of their relationship considering its content matches family relationship despite the fact their marriage is not legal according to national law.
Appears in Collections:2018 m. (TF mag.)

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