Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/107217
Type of publication: master thesis
Field of Science: Sociologija / Sociology (S005)
Author(s): Grockytė, Gintarė
Supervisor: Baltrušaitytė, Giedrė
Title: Antsvorio medikalizacijos poveikis asmens tapatybei
Other Title: The effect of medicalization of obsity on identity
Extent: 53 p.
Date: 16-Jun-2020
Keywords: Antsvoris;Overweight;Kūno masės indeksas;Body mass index;Medikalizacija;Medicalization;Obesity;Nutukimas;Stigma
Abstract: Antsvorio supratimas kaip medicininės diagnozės ir paties asmens dėl to kaltinimas sukuria stigmatizuojančią aplinką, kuri paveikia antsvorio turinčio asmens savęs suvokimą. Atliktas tyrimas atskleidė, kad tyrimo dalyviai pajuto antsvorio medikalizacijos paveiktą stigmatizavimą dėl antsvorio, jausdami išankstinį nusistatymą, kaltinimą, patarimų davimą. Vieni, nepaisant patirtos stigmatizacijos, jaučiasi gražūs, sveiki ir mano, kad netinkami svorio metimo būdai gali pakenkti sveikatai labiau nei gyvenimas turint antsvorio, bet nuolatos turi ginti ir įrodinėti savo nuomonę. Kitų tapatybę tai paveikia taip, kad jie pasiduoda stigmatizavimui ir pradeda save vertinti neigiamai, t. y. kaltina save dėl per didelio svorio, nepasitiki savimi, negerbia savęs, laiko save nesveikais, vengia kritikos ir jaučiasi nepatogiai savo kūne. Sveikata yra visiška fizinė, psichinė ir socialinė gerovė, o ne tik ligų ar negalios nebuvimas. Antsvorio medikalizacija siekia sumažinti antsvorio žalą asmens fizinei sveikatai, bet kartu gali turėti neigiamą poveikį asmens savęs suvokimui, jo psichinei sveikatai ir socialiniam gyvenimui.
Classifying obesity as a medical diagnosis and blaming the overweight person for it creates a stigmatizing environment that affects the self-perception of the overweight person. The performed study revealed that the participants of the study felt stigma that can be attributed to the medicalization of obesity. These stigmas included feeling prejudiced against, feelings of guilt or shame, and receiving unwarranted advice. Some, despite the stigma they experience, feel beautiful, healthy, and believe that inappropriate weight loss techniques can be more detrimental to their health than living as an overweight person. However, they must constantly defend and prove their opinions. In contrast, the identity of others is affected in such a way that they succumb to the stigmatization and begin to view themselves negatively i.e. they blame themselves for being overweight, have low-self esteem, do not respect themselves, consider themselves unhealthy, avoid criticism and feel uncomfortable in their own bodies. Health is defined as the combination of physical, mental, and social well-being- not merely as the absence of disease or disability. The medicalization of obesity seeks to reduce the harm of excess weight to a person’s physical health, but can also have a negative impact on a person’s self-perception, psychological health, and social life.
Internet: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/107217
Appears in Collections:2020 m. (SMF mag.)

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