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Now showing 1 - 5 of 7
  • Publication
    Vaiko balso reikšmė vaiko ir šeimos gerovės politikos ir jos įgyvendinimo kontekste
    [Importance of a child voice in a child and family welfare]
    research article;
    Chudabienė, Jūratė
    ;
    ;
    Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai = Social work. Experience and methods. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, 2021, T. 27, nr. 1, p. 9-32
    Research and practice in foreign countries discus about the problematic areas of hearing a child‘s voice, especially, focusing on barriers to hearing a child‘s voice in the child‘s usual areas of life, as well as in social work practice. The aim of this article is to discuss the meaning of the child‘s voice based on the research of foreign authors and the implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, creating preconditions for maximizing the child‘s opportunities to be heard in Lithuanian social work practice. The phenomenological interview method based on Bevan (2014) was applied to data collection and analysis. Phenomenological research has traditionally sought to shed light on a phenomenon as perceived by actors in specific situations. The study involved four children aged 10–15 years, who were invited to share their wishes, dreams and experiences by expressing their opinions. Lithuanian legal documents regulate and guarantee the child‘s right to be heard and provide for the practice of how the child‘s voice must be heard in all situations related to the child. The Convention‘s debating statement that the child‘s voice must be heard „in accordance with his or her age and maturity“ recognizes that every child has the ability to express his or her views and that every child has the right to express them. Children associate their happiness with a second social network that includes friends and classmates, which is typical for adolescence. The research data reveal that children’s desires and dreams are not somewhat childish, but more typical of adults. The results of the study revealed that children tend not to express their opinions to adults. They are hampered by fears of the consequences that the solutions they propose could make the situation worse. The children in the study were even surprised that their opinions could be important and even asked. [...]
      114  75
  • Publication
    Vaiko paėmimo iš nesaugios šeimos aplinkos iššūkiai: vaiko teisių apsaugos darbuotojų patirtys
    [Challenges faced by child protection workers in the process of child removal from an unsafe family environment]
    research article
    Gevorgianienė, Violeta
    ;
    Gvaldaitė, Lijana
    ;
    Charenkova, Jūratė
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    Petružytė, Donata
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    Seniutis, Miroslavas
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    Šumskienė, Eglė
    ;
    Žalimienė, Laimutė
    Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai = Social work. Experience and methods. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, 2020, T. 27, nr. 1
    Atvykę į šeimą ir svarstydami, ar galima palikti vaiką šeimoje, ar jį reikia perkelti į saugią aplinką, vaiko teisių apsaugos darbuotojai susiduria su prieštaravimu tarp savo veiklos kaip profesinės misijos traktavimo ir sprendimo paimti vaiką dviprasmiškumo. Iššūkiai renkantis tinkamiausią sprendimą susiję ne tik su tėvų ir vaikų elgesiu, nepakankama informacija apie vaiko ir šeimos situaciją, laiko stoka sprendimui priimti, bet ir su institucinėmis, organizacinėmis problemomis. Straipsnis parengtas įgyvendinant Lietuvos mokslo tarybos projektą „Vaiko gerovės profesionalų darbo vietos kokybė“ (S-MIP- 19- 37, 2019–2021).
      167  205
  • Publication
    Vaiko nepriežiūros daugialypiškumas socialinio darbo praktikos požiūriu
    [The complexities of child neglect from a social work practice perspective]
    research article
    Katiševskaja, Samanta
    ;
    Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai = Social work. Experience and methods. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, 2021, T. 27, nr. 1, p. 55-71
    Child neglect involves parental misconduct that results in physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse, psychological abuse, or, in extreme cases, the death of the child. Child neglect is often seen as an act of inaction, essentially neglect, negligence, which puts children at high risk of harm. In Lithuania, there are studies about child abuse; however, the dilemma of defining child neglect in the social work process is not widely addressed while the dilemma of defining child neglect in the social work process is not widely studied. The aim of the article is to discuss the complexities of the definition of child neglect in the scientific literature and to reveal the concept of child neglect from the point of view of social workers working with the family. The results from the qualitative study are presented. The research aimed to reveal the subjective experience and assessments of social workers. Data were collected using an unstructured interview method, during which study participants were asked to share their professional experiences working with specific family cases. The study involved five social workers with at least one year’s experience in family social work. The results of the study suggest that child neglect is a multifaceted phenomenon encompassing physical, emotional, medical, and educational neglect. These forms of neglect occur in families, which face complex problems arising both from the lack of internal family resources and from external structural conditions that disrupt the functioning of the family. The problems experienced by families can be considered as the cause of neglect, and the consequences of neglect are manifested in the misbehaviour of young people, which further increases the complexity of the problems experienced by families. The study reveals that child neglect is associated with dysfunctional behaviour in families ignoring external structural factors such as unemployment, work-related stress, or an unsafe neighbourhood.[..
      173  129
  • Publication
    Budinčių globotojų patirtys kuriant vaikui saugią aplinką
    [Experiences of emergency foster carers in creating a child-safe environment]
    research article;
    Markuckienė, Vaida
    Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai = Social work. Experience and methods. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, 2021, T. 27, nr. 1, p. 73-92
    Recently, a lot of attention has been paid to the implementation of child welfare in Lithuania: in mid-2018 the reform of child protection was launched. As the result of these reforms, taking a child from parents became not only difficult, but as a last resort and only possible when, considering the child’s need for protection and the provision of temporary care and assistance given to the biological family, the situation remains unchanged or deteriorates. The modern concept of child care emphasises the priority of child care and family care; therefore, to help a child taken from an unsafe environment or left without parental care before returning him or her to a biological family or until permanent foster carers or adoptive parents are found, the emergency foster carers rush to help. Admitting a stranger, usually a child who has already been traumatised by life, into your home is a significant challenge, because it is the emergency foster carers on duty who are the first to experience aggressive or closed, problematic behaviour of the child. Given the number of children deprived of parental care, there is a lack of emergency foster carers who could take the children of families in a period of crisis into their families, The study was based on constructivist ontology and subjectivist interpretive epistemology. Six emergency foster carers with whom children had no kinship agreed to participate in the study.[...]
      337  141
  • Publication
    Sutuoktinės išgyvenimai šeimoje gyvenant su alkoholizmu sergančiu vyru
    [Experiences of a spouse living in a family with a husband suffering from alcoholism]
    research article
    Šipelė, Neringa
    ;
    Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai = Social work. Experience and methods. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, 2021, T. 27, nr. 1, p. 93-110
    Alcoholism has always been a sensitive issue for the state and society. It is a life threatening chronic disease that affects not only the health of the person who is abusing alcohol, but his social life too; it touches and violates the whole family system. The problem of alcoholism is a major trauma for the whole family, which deeply affects the development of children and the emotional and physical health of the wife. The wife of an alcoholic spouse assumes financial responsibility, responsibility for the well-being of children, and feels responsible for abusive husband’s actions. Wives of alcoholic partners try various ways to help their husbands stop using alcohol, try to cover the consequences of alcohol, hiding the problem of alcoholism in the family, and adapting to a distorted environment. The purpose of the study is to reveal experiences of spouses living with men who are affected by chronic alcoholism. In order to reveal the experiences of wives of alcoholic men, qualitative research method was selected by using a nonstructured indepth interview. The research was conducted in Kaunas city and involved 7 women aged from 45 to 60 years old. All the participants of the research attend Al-Anon group. The obtained data was analyzed on the basis of the narrative analysis method. Narrative research has been selected for individual women who live with alcoholic men and have a different perception of their reality. According to the results of the research, women, whose husbands are alcohol-dependent, experience psychological and emotional pressure, negative feelings, social exclusion, financial deprivation, and tend to blame themselves for a man’s addiction and a disrupted family system. Insecurity and responsibility for the future cause constant tension, which results a loss of women’s self-esteem, self-confidence, disruption of physical health and development of codependency.
      221  124