OIKOS: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos 2007, nr. 3

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  • Publication
    Dvigubos pilietybės politika : Skandinaviškos pamokos Lietuvai
    [Policy of dual nationality (Scandinavian lessons for Lithuania)]
    research article
    Oikos: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos. Vilnius : Versus Aureus, 2007, nr. 3, p. 9-18
    This article seeks to discuss Scandinavian case of dual nationality policy in the context of the EU countries. Scandinavian case mirrors differences in policy towards dual nationality among the EU countries, which divide not only countries of the EU , but Scandinavians countries themselves into two opposite camps. In the citizenship policy of the Scandinavian countries predominates principle of jus sanguinis, which is held to be less favourable to recognition of dual nationality by itself. In spite of jus sanguinis, two Scandinavian countries (Sweden in 2001, Finland in 2003) adopted new citizenship laws, which did not change predominance of jus sanguinis, but introduced open recognition of dual nationality de jure. Denmark and Norway took the opposite direction. Denmark does not acknowledge dual citizenship even for citizens of other Scandinavian countries. Norway adopted new citizenship law in 2005, which became even more restrictive with respect to dual nationality. Lithuania in this respect is very similar to Norway. According to the recent decision of Lithuanian Constitutional Court, dual nationality should be accepted only in very exceptional cases. Relying upon Scandinavian lessons it is foreseeable that increasing immigration into Lithuania in the long-term perspective should bring question of dual nationality into political agenda anew, but it is difficult to expect unambiguous solutions.
      94  126
  • Publication
    As an example of dual citizenship
    [Dvigubos pilietybės pavyzdys]
    research article
    Oikos: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos. Vilnius : Versus Aureus, 2007, nr. 3, p. 19-21
    Straipsnyje autorius dalijasi savo asmenine dviejų pilietybių ir dviejų pasų turėjimo patirtimi, kurios nesiekia teorizuoti. Autorius, nors ir nedalyvauja šiandieninėje dvigubos Lietuvos pilietybės diskusijoje, tačiau palaiko dvigubos pilietybės idėją.
      31  73
  • Publication
    Galimybių šalis: ar gali Jungtinė Karalystė tapti lietuvių emigrantų namais?
    [Land of opportunity: can the United Kingdom become a new home for Lithuanian emigres?]
    research article
    Parutis, Violetta
    OIKOS: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos, 2007, nr. 3, p. 22-35
    My doctoral research deals with the ways in which East European migrants construct home in migration. In more detail my aim is to find out how Lithuanian and Polish migrants feel in the UK, what problems they face in relation to their integration into the host society, and what solutions they see that make them feel “more at home” in the immigration country. In this paper I discuss Lithuanian immigrants’ experiences of the UK and how these views reflect their idea of home. I argue that there are 3 different UK from the immigrants’ perspective: the UK as imagined before one actually sees it; the UK upon arrival; and the UK as a place where they settle in. The interview analysis shows that the length of stay in the UK plays a crucial role in the immigrants’ adaptation process. With time they have a better chance to achieve the socio-economic stability in their lives and develop the feeling of belonging to the host environment. How successful they are in their endeavours to create a new home also depends among other things on their qualifications; their attitudes to multiculturalism; and their relationships with the host society and with the local Lithuanian community.
      46  37
  • Publication
    Jaunimo emigracijos tyrimas: Lietuvos universitetinių aukštųjų mokyklų studentų nuostatos emigruoti
    [Youth emigration: migration tendencies amongst university students in Lithuania]
    research article
    Krupickaitė, Dovilė
    Aidis, Rūta
    OIKOS: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos, 2007, nr. 3, p. 36-50
    The present article presents the results of an investigation carried out by the joint efforts of Vilnius University and London University College within the international research project “Youth Emigration” supported by the British Academy. 2394 students from the main Lithuanian universities were interviewed. The object of the investigation was to determine the main causes that motivate emigration in search of employment. The purpose of the investigation was to find out which measures might help reduce youth emigration rates. The investigation revealed that more than 30% of Lithuanian university students have plans to emigrate looking for a job after graduation. A desire to earn more than in Lithuania was indicated as the main cause of emigration. Other causes were: self-realization; a desire to obtain professional experience; and a desire to learn the English language. A former experience of living abroad is a main factor in self-determination. The respondents would forgo emigration if they were able to get a well-paid job where they could realize themselves and enrich their knowledge and achieve professional promotion.
      182  59
  • Publication
    Tarptautinė lietuvių migracija: studentų nuostatos, požiūris ir emigracinių galimybių vertinimas
    [International Lithuanian migration: how students look at it]
    research article
    Skačkauskaitė, Asta
    OIKOS: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos, 2007, nr. 3, p. 51-60
    The results of a study of Lithuanian students’ migrational attitudes are presented in this article. A qualitative analysis was done in order to find out students’ thoughts about, and attitudes, towards the migrational processes that take place in Lithuania today. By answering open-ended questions, ten students from various Lithuanian universities shared their experience and offered their opinions about studying and working in Lithuania and abroad. The merits and demerits of the current situation were related to their own present and potential migratory motivations. The study revealed that in talking about emigration they had in mind short-term work migration first. This was seen as an opportunity to gain experience and save money. The results also showed that different expectations were applied to working in Lithuania and working abroad. The only demand set for working abroad was that the pay be good, while working in Lithuania had to meet selfexpression needs in addition to providing good pay and the opportunity of working in a field matching one’s qualifications.
      59  35