Grupės ir aplinkos / Groups and Environments 2015, nr. 4

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Leidybą rėmė Lietuvos mokslo taryba / Publication sponsored by Research Council of Lithuania
  1. Viršelis / Cover
  2. Informacija apie Grupės ir aplinkos / Information about Groups and Environments 2015, nr. 4


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 8
  • Publication
    Tarpdisciplininių visuomenės grupių tyrimų konferencija
    [Interdisciplinary social group research conference]
    journal article
    Grupės ir aplinkos : tarpdisciplininis mokslo darbų leidinys = Groups and environments : interdisciplinary research studies. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, 2015, nr. 4, p. 123-129
    In November 2014, Centre for Cultural Studies, Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas, Lithuania, held a conference "Interdisciplinary Social Group Research." Presentation topics focused on subcultural groups, communities and social movements within diverse social environments. The conference aimed to gain understanding on how isolated alternative, innovative small social groups arise, function and disappear. Central in the conference was the question of social and cultural role of small groups. Situated within the framework of sociology, anthropology, arts and political sciences, the con¬ference generated huge interest. 41 speakers from various universities and research institutions of Lithuania took part in the conference. It included presentations in 7 sections, a poster session and a round table of young scholars. The topics covered by the participants included "start-up" subculture, graffiti artists, sarariman, swaggers, skinheads, neo pagans, historical re-enactors, prisoners, communal artists and Dalits among others. The presentations promoted discussions and involvement of the audience, students, scholars and representatives of the municipality. Interest in the topics of the conference and the high turnout testify to the topicality of the conference and the need for the development of social group research.
      34  99
  • Publication
    Arsenijaus ir Andrejaus Tarkovskių kūrybos pristatymo dienos Nacionaliniame Kauno dramos teatre
    [Creative Legacies of Arsenij and Andrei Tarkovsky : presentation at Kaunas National Drama Theatre]
    research article
    Pukštytė, Rugilė
    Grupės ir aplinkos, 2015, nr. 4, p. 117-121
    From October 23 to 25, 2015, Kaunas National Drama Theatre hosted a presentation of creative legacies by the poet Arsenij Tarkovsky and Andrei Tarkovsky, a world renowned film director associated with elite cinema. The event included viewing of documentary and feature films and poetry reading. It also provided with an opportunity to exchange ideas with colleagues and film practitioners. Among the many highlights was a display of exhibits: articles, film posters, scripts and photographs, brought from Moscow for the occasion. Stages across the theatre were used for display of documentary and feature films: the documentary The Student Andrei Tarkovsky (2003) and the uncensored versions of the famous feature films Andrei Rublev (1966) and Soliaris (1972). Participants viewed excerpts of The Mirror and Nostalghia and the documentary Malyutka-zhizn (2004). Film displays were followed by meetings and discussions with the artists’ circle of friends and colleagues and famous film practitioners from Russia.
      47  24
  • Publication
    Lietuvybės ugdymas užsienyje : Rygos lietuvių vidurinės mokyklos atvejis
    [Fostering Lithuanian culture and traditions abroad : a case of Riga Lithuanian secondary school]
    research article
    Grupės ir aplinkos : tarpdisciplininis mokslo darbų leidinys = Groups and environments : interdisciplinary research studies. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, 2015, nr. 4, p. 101-116
    The article presents research, conducted by the author in Riga Lithuanian Secondary School in March, 2014. The study included a total of 60 respondents, 43% male and 57% female, respectively. They were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire developed by the author. Participant observation method was used. Riga Lithuanian Secondary School not only provides education but also places great emphasis on fostering the Lithuanian language and national traditions. The study revealed that celebrations help build a community, experience a sense of solidarity and discover new meanings of communality. Every school community has symbols embodying their uniqueness in regard to communities of other schools. The most common symbols are the school coat of arms, school anthem and flags which symbolise belonging to a particular school community. The school community has numerous invented traditions such as the celebration of one hundred days before the examinations or the 'Žetonu vakars.' The festivity merges Lithuanian and Latvian school celebration traditions Other dates, important not only to members of Riga Lithuanian Secondary School but also to the Lithuanian community in Riga, include state holidays such as the Declaration of Lithuanian Independence Day on February 16, and the Re-establishment of the State of Lithuania Day on March 11. The school maintains close cooperation with Lithuanians residing in Latvia and Lithuania and strives to promote culture and traditions. It has been observed that not only Lithuanians and Latvians but also students of other ethnicities choose to study in Riga Lithuanian Secondary School. The choice is determined by high school ratings and good study conditions.[...]
      98  88
  • Publication
    XVIII a. didikių saviraiška Lietuvos Didžiojoje Kunigaikštystėje
    [Noble women's self-expression in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the 18th century]
    research article
    Grupės ir aplinkos : tarpdisciplininis mokslo darbų leidinys = Groups and environments : interdisciplinary research studies. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, 2015, nr. 4, p. 77-99
    The article discusses written sources which represent literary expression by women of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Another focus of the analysis is women's activities in the theatre as revealed with reference to historiography and other sources. The study is based on descriptive-analytical and comparative methods. These particular aspects are under-researched in Lithuanian historiography, a fact which heightens the importance of the present research. The 18th century is frequently labelled as women's century not only because discussions started on women's place and aims in the masculine world but also because women started to perform in the theatre. Such discussions in the context of the ideas of the Enlightenment started in France and reached the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (PLC) and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Possibilities for women's spheres of activity were influenced by discussions on women's status in society. Women were also dependent on the new cultural and geopolitical circumstances. Although women's legal status was different from that of men, their position in the public sphere depended on woman's self-determination and her status in her own family. The first partition of 1772 affected changes in the meanings of women's roles in society. Women started to be treated as citizens and educators of public-spirited children. Furthermore, women in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania were interested in different literary activities. It is a time when women wrote diverse forms of literature such as diaries and memoirs. Women also translated different texts into the Polish language. In the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, women's activities in the theatre are of special importance. Women were actors and directors of plays. They also translated plays into the Polish language. The theatre was the field which witnessed the emergence of first professional creative women.[...]
      505  120
  • Publication
    Subaltern's autonomy : Dalit students' identity politics in India
    [Subalterno autonomiškumo analizė : dalitų studentų identiteto politika Indijoje]
    research article
    Grupės ir aplinkos : tarpdisciplininis mokslo darbų leidinys = Groups and environments : interdisciplinary research studies. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, 2015, nr. 4, p. 49-76
    Based on the fieldwork yielding 24 unstructured in-depth interviews at universities of Hyderabad, India, the present paper analyses Dalit, known as the ex-untouchable, students' identity politics from the perspective of Subaltern Studies. The focus on Dalit students' cultural festivals provides a framework for the analysis and the conceptualisation of the subaltern's autonomy. Dalit students venture to reconstruct their identity in cultural and historical terms by creating an ideological framework for the establishment of an alternative "counter culture" which is infused and fused with negative anti-Brahmanical, anti-Hindu and anti-nationalist connotations, as well as claims for cultural difference. On the other hand, the desired cultural difference is achieved through re-interpretation of the dominant Hindu culture. Paradoxically, Dalits achieve the aim of cultural differentiation through becoming part of the dominant discourse paradigm. Otherwise stated, the Dalit "counter culture" is directed against Hindu nationalist discourse, but the "counter culture" manifests and represents itself through symbols of the dominant discourse. This paradox evokes the dichotomous view posited by the Subaltern School. The dichotomy is posed as a question: whether the subaltern embodies autonomous culture and politics (Guha, 1988) or whether the subaltern is inevitably an effect of the logic of the dominant discourse. The latter relates to Gayatri Spivak's question "Can the Subaltern. Speak?" (Spivak, 2006). By illustrating the reciprocal relationship between the dominant and the dominated, and the inevitable entanglement with each other, this article assumes a reciprocal understanding of social relations between subalternity and domination as continuously constituting each other (Chatterjee, 1993; Prakash, 1994; O'Hanlon, 1988).
      903  173