Kultūra ir visuomenė: socialinių tyrimų žurnalas 2010, nr. 1 (1)

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  • Publication
    Psychiatry and the mental patient : an uneasy relationship
    [Psichiatrija ir psichikos liga sergantis pacientas: paternalistinio santykio prielaidos]
    research article
    Kultūra ir visuomenė : socialinių tyrimų žurnalas = Culture and society : journal of social research. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 2010, nr. 1(1), p. 9-27
    The second half of the 20th century has witnessed major changes in the way mental health care in the Western countries has been organized and provided for people suffering from mental illness. Deinstitutionalization and community care became common terms used to define a policy that aims to shift the locus of psychiatric care from large mental hospitals and custodial institutions into community. Deinstitutionalization of psychiatric care requires an empowering approach towards the mentally ill individuals and their capabilities to lead a self-dependent life in the community. Such an approach implies accepting the mentally ill health-care service users as credible individuals capable of taking responsibility for their actions and life. The aim of this article is to examine psychiatric conception of mental illness, treatment and the psychiatric encounter. The presentation largely draws upon analysis of Lithuanian psychiatric texts, although some foreign psychiatric literature is also used. The article starts with an introduction of a changing situation of the mental patient and proceeds to the analysis of the psychiatric discourse. The author argues that by conceptualizing mental illness as pathology located within the functioning of the individual body that affects the ability of a sick individual to apprehend the reality and to retain critical insight towards one’s health problem, psychiatric discourse may reproduce paternalistic approach towards the mentally ill individuals even in the deinstitutionalized settings. Such an approach may have certain implications for the individuals’ ability to lead an independent life in the community.
      47  58
  • Publication
    “Then she looked at me and said – the old age!”: The impact of social representations of ageing on the elderly people’s chronic illness experience in Latvia
    [„Tada ji pažiūrėjo į mane ir pasakė: senatvė!“ Socialinių senėjimo reprezentacijų įtaka senyvo amžiaus žmonių chroniškų ligų patirčiai Latvijoje]
    research article
    Mezinska, Signe
    Kultūra ir visuomenė: socialinių tyrimų žurnalas, 2010, nr. 1(1), p. 29-41
    This article discusses the impact of social representations of ageing, such as breakdown, inevitability of illnesses and unfitness, on chronic illness experience of elderly people in Latvia. The qualitative study is based on theoretical framework of symbolic interactionism and uses grounded theory methodology. The results of the study lead to the conclusion that in Latvia certain social representations of ageing have a negative impact on chronic illness experience of elderly people, decreasing health-related quality of life and hampering reception of required medical assistance, adaptation of environment to the needs of elderly people with chronic illnesses and successful incorporation of the chronic illness in the context of biography.
      20  28
  • Publication
    What types of participations? : patterns of political participation in Lithuania
    [Kokie yra dalyvio tipai? Politinio dalyvavimo modeliai Lietuvoje]
    research article
    Kultūra ir visuomenė : socialinių tyrimų žurnalas = Culture and society : journal of social research. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 2010, nr. 1(1), p. 43-61
    The quantity and quality of political participation is extremely important for the consolidation of democracy. There is no comprehensive analysis of the conventional modes of political participation and their distribution among population in Lithuania. This study focuses on the differences between different types of participants in political acts in post-communist Lithuania. Based on the survey conducted in Lithuania in 2006, the article concludes that the lack of civic resources, the development of individualization and rapid social differentiation that caused different perceptions of economic inequality and insecurity among different groups of the population have influenced political participation patterns in Lithuania.
      115  59
  • Publication
    Between the egalitarian and neotraditional family : gender attitudes and values in contemporary Lithuania
    [Tarp egalitarinės ir neotradicinės šeimos : keletas pastabų apie lyčių vertybes šiuolaikinėje Lietuvoje]
    research article
    Kultūra ir visuomenė : socialinių tyrimų žurnalas = Culture and society : journal of social research. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 2010, nr. 1(1), p. 63-81
    Analyzing the data of two representative surveys of the Lithuanian population conducted in 2006, 12 semi-structured interviews with heterosexual couples and 15 semi-structured interviews with men on paternity leave, the article attempts to answer to what degree women and men’s attitudes to the egalitarian family differ and how both sexes conceptualize their professional and family responsibilities. How do Lithuanian women and men justify the division of housework in the family? The article employs the concepts of egalitarian or symetrical and neotraditional families. The analyzed interviews showed that most families believed to be egalitarian. However, after looking at the division of household labor and childcare it is possible to conclude that most of them can be ascribed to the neotraditional family type. In these families, a female partner/wife carries the double burden of employment and domestic duties. The two representative surveys conducted in 2006 also confirm the conclusions drawn from the interviews: women usually had a larger share of family responsibilities. The large part of the respondents of both the surveys and interviews realize the importance of egalitarian family but the dominant gender roles contradict their ideals. It can be argued that most barriers to the achievement of new familial ideals and egalitarian family are related to cultural norms and ideologies prevalent both in work organizations and the larger society.
      68  59
  • Publication
    Heteronormativity and silenced sexualities at work
    [Heteronormatyvumas ir nutildytas seksualumas darbo aplikoje]
    research article
    Kultūra ir visuomenė : socialinių tyrimų žurnalas = Culture and society : journal of social research. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 2010, nr. 1(1), p. 83-96
    The paper focuses on workplace as a space in which the normative versions of heterosexuality are produced. Facing the everyday reality of the closet, the majority of homosexual employees constructs and negotiates their silenced sexualities at work. The study is based on 30 in-depth interviews with Lithuanian gays and lesbians carried out within the framework of the EQUAL project “Open and Safe at Work.” The paper discusses how homosexuals confront heteronormativity at work and how it shapes their sexual identity. How is heteronormativity reflected in their choices to stay in the closet or to come out? What are their coping strategies at work? The fear of open discrimination and violence leads to the invisibility of minority sexual orientation at work and the denial of sexuality as irrelevant to the social life. The internal division between sexual (private) and social (public) is evident in a number of ways. The suppression of the sexual is the most prevalent coping strategy in the heteronormative order.
      65  59