OIKOS: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos 2006, nr. 1

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  • Publication
    Išeivija ir Lietuvos užsienio politikos uždaviniai
    [Emigration and the goals of Lithuania's foreign policy]
    research article
    Oikos: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos. Vilnius : Versus Aureus., 2006, nr. 1, p. 11-17
    The purpose of this article is to convey a couple of messages. First of all, it aims to present a short overview of the historical role of Lithuanian emigrants in the period of the re-establishment of Lithuania as an independent state in the international arena. The principal issue which so far has been insufficiently addressed by both historians and political scientists, and which should be the constant focus of Lithuanian foreign policy-makers, is the current situation of the Lithuanian diaspora in Western countries, the emigrants' position in respect to their homeland, and their eventual behaviour in the performance of the diplomacy mission at the community level. Taking into account the traditional examples identified by historians of the political behaviour of Lithuanians world-wide, and by analysing political trends in the USA, Great Britain, and other countries that had accepted immigrants from Lithuania, it is possible to paint a clearer picture of the expectations resulting from the relationship between the diaspora and the interests of Lithuania's foreign policy.
      51  109
  • Publication
    Lietuvos ir migrantų ryšiai neturi nutrūkti
    [The ties between Lithuania and her migrants should not dissolve]
    research article
    Bagdonavičienė, Vida
    OIKOS: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos, 2006, nr. 1, p. 18-23
    Nowadays it is the so-called “New Wave”, or economic, emigrants that receive the most attention from politicians, society, and media. The needs of Lithuanians living abroad vary in accordance with country of residence, their own age, and their goals. The Department of National Minorities and Emigration works in cooperation with the government institutions of Lithuania and other states as well as with non-governmental organizations, but its principal partners are the World Lithuanian Community and the individual Lithuanian Communities of each country in which Lithuanians reside. It is precisely these organizations that join together the Lithuanians who do not wish to lose their national (ethnic) identity in their country of emigration. Their members contribute not only to forming the public image of Lithuania, but also to fostering Lithuanian civil society, no matter where they live.
      23  28
  • Publication
    Išeivijos diskursas ir tapatybės paieškos
    [Emigration discourse and the quest for identity]
    research article
    Eriksonas, Linas
    OIKOS: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos, 2006, nr. 1, p. 24-28
    The article considers the current upsurge in emigration discourse in contemporary Lithuania and explains this phenomena by relating it to a society-wide quest for national identity. The author argues that interest in emigration and national identity-building are two interconnected issues. The article explains that by examining ever-changing attitudes towards emigration one can recognize mirroring patterns in national identity. An example is provided of a rare Soviet propaganda newsreel from 1968 which addressed the issue of the return of Lithuanian emigrants to their homeland: the documentary is analysed here as a narrative which provides an insight into the soul-searching state of Soviet identity in late 1960s. The article concludes with preliminary remarks concerning the impact of Soviet emigration discourse on views on emigration and homeland in post-communist Lithuania.
      61  51
  • Publication
    Komunistinė propaganda tarp Kanados lietuvių II Pasaulinio karo metais
    [Communist propaganda among lithuanian canadians during World war II]
    research article
    Oikos: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos. Vilnius : Versus Aureus, 2006, nr. 1, p. 29-39
    The purpose of this article is to explain the circumstance in which Communist propaganda came to affect the opinions of Lithuanians in Canada during World War II. Although the vast majority of the approximately 8,000 Lithuanians living in Canada at this time centred their activities around Catholic organizations and were not Communists, many of them accepted the Communist incorporation of Lithuania into the Soviet Union and the Communist interpretation of the status of the Displaced Persons. In Canada, as in the United States, members of ethnic minorities from East Europe played a significant part in the development of both the Socialist and the Communist party. Within these parties these ethnic minorities long existed within semi-autonomous language federations and, even when these were closed down by the Communist Party in 1925, party branches still mostly formed on the basis of language and ethnic origin. In this way, Lithuanian Communists, like other ethnic minorities in the party, were able to retain their ethnic identity while taking part in the revolutionary international movement. In Canada, where Lithuanians were so few in number, this ethnic identity helped Lithuanian Communists remain close to their ideological opponents within the Lithuanian community. Lithuanian-Communists were also the only group among interwar Lithuanian Canadians to maintain a Lithuanian newspaper, founded in 1932 as Darbininkų Žodis (The Workers' Word), with the name changed in 1937 to Liaudies Balsas (The People's Voice). During the second world war, this newspaper became a major source of information for Lithuanian Canadians about events in their homeland.[...]
      47  112
  • Publication
    Kanados lietuvių bendruomenės politinės veiklos kryptys 1954-1990 m
    [The political agenda of the Canadian Lithuanian Community from 1954 to 1990]
    research article
    Oikos: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos. Vilnius : Versus Aureus, 2006, nr. 1, p. 40-51
    The Canadian Lithuanian Community (CLC) began its activities in 1952 as an organisation joining together Lithuanians living in Canada. The fact that its work was based on the Lithuanian Charter and the temporary bylaws of the World Lithuanian Community suggested that the CLC would be oriented toward cultural and educational activities. But it soon became clear that the Lithuanian Diplomatic Service and the Supreme Committee for the Liberation of Lithuania would not be able to fulfil the tasks they had set for themselves in Canada without the assistance of the CLC. Therefore, on January 11, 1954, the Political Committee of of the CLC Executive held its first meeting. These leaders thought that the Lithuanian General Consulate in Toronto had insufficient opportunities available for action in Canadian political life. This realization that the Honorary Consul General could not exercise a leadership position with respect to Lithuanian political activities in Canada hastened the formation of an appropriate structure that began to exert centralized pressure on Canadian government officials on behalf of the Lithuanian cause of freedom. In this paper we will trace the political activities of the CLC from the establishment of the Political Committee up to the re-establishment of Lithuanian independence. In this process two stages may provisionally be distinguished. During the first stage (1954-1969) the vision of CLC's political activity began to take shape, whereas during the second (1970-1990) it was being implemented in response to changes in the international situation. Upon the establishment of contacts with the highest officials of the Canadian government mutually beneficial results were ultimately achieved. Finally, we will provide support for the following conclusions.[...]
      98  102