Grupės ir aplinkos / Groups and Environments 2009, nr. 1

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  • Publication
    Virtualios bendruomenės išraiškos
    [Virtual identity signs in online communication]
    research article
    Drevel, Aurelija
    Grupės ir aplinkos, 2009, nr. 1, p. 177-197
    Bendraujant interneto erdvėse vartotojo išvaizda, socialinis statusas ir kultūrinės vertybės yra nusakomos virtualiais ženklais. Šis procesas gali būti interpretuojamas kaip išskirtinis asmens ir bendruomenės tapatumo kūrimo būdas, kitoks nei kasdieniame gyvenime. Antra vertus, virtualios bendruomenės ryšiai toliau palaikomi ir už kompiuterinio mediumo, todėl virtualios aplinkos laikytinos tiesiog bendruomenės susitikimo vietomis.
      202  68
  • Publication
    Tapatumo kūrimas populiariojoje kultūroje
    [Identity construction in popular culture]
    research article
    Černevičiūtė, Jūratė
    Grupės ir aplinkos, 2009, nr. 1, p. 17-28
    Straipsnyje apžvelgiama socialinių mokslų ir kultūros teorijų tapatumo apibrėžimo problematika. Analizuojamas tapatumo kūrimas populiariosios kultūros (televizijos, reklamos, populiarių žurnalų, knygų) tekstuose ir jų panaudojimas tapatumui kurti. Vertinama diskusija apie populiariosios kultūros tekstų, platinamų masinėse medijose, pobūdį: jis yra pasyvus arba aktyvus ir kūrybingas. Taigi populiarioji kultūra siūlo ne tik tam tikrą tapatumo įvaizdį, bet ir gyvenimo stilių kaip jau paruoštą šabloną tapatumo naratyvams konstruoti. Tai skatina nuolat pervertinti savojo "aš" tapatumus ir drauge plečia tapatumų įvairovę.
      180  49
  • Publication
    Pamokos, įgytos pažvelgus pro rakto skylutę į hipių rojų (2)
    [Lessons from a Hippie Paradise Glimpsed Through a Keyhole (2)]
    research article ;
    Grupės ir aplinkos : tarpdisciplininis mokslo darbų leidinys = Groups and environments : Interdisciplinary research studies. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 1 (2009), p. 69-86
    Because there is a close relationship between observations and theory, in this paper we presented examples of ethnographic information viewed within a dynamical systems approach as applied to study the behavior of a small hippy community in Lithuania during the Soviet era. This approach invites organization of the domain of observation into systems, environments and interactions as a way to deal with complex systems in a manageable way and yet maintain consistency between incomplete descriptions, the usual situation in field work. The first section concentrates on the description of individuals as systems, pointing out the information needed to describe their states and responses to interactions coming from their environments. The second section emphasizes the definition of interactions among the subsystems, particularly the influences that individuals exert on their environments. As this is a preliminary report, neither analysis is yet complete: the work has yet to include all the individuals making up the group and the number of variables needs to be increased. Nevertheless we feel that even the incomplete examples are sufficient to indicate that the introduction of systems concepts, which then structure the ethnographic information into states, expression variables, and influence variables, has considerable utility. While it is yet to be convincingly demonstrated, it appears that it may be possible to relate the essentials of group phenomena to the interplay of self-expression variables and influence variables between the group members in the course of forging a group identity. By providing a common informational structure for describing groups such a systems oriented approach should provide a natural framework for making comparisons between different subcultural groups, not only for the Lithuanian ‘hippie’ subculture of the late 1960s and early 1970s as discussed here.
      44  69
  • Publication
    Metalistų subkultūros bruožai
    [Particular Attributes of the Metal Music Subculture]
    research article
    Grupės ir aplinkos : tarpdisciplininis mokslo darbų leidinys = Groups and environments : Interdisciplinary research studies. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 1 (2009), p. 275-299
    This author’s bachelor’s theses base this article. The purpose was to gather and systematise data on the metal music subculture in Lithuania and describe its fundamental features of identity. To compile this article, the method of observing the metalist subculture, in-depth interviews and a structures questionnaire were employed and 35 members were interviewed. The research was conducted in the cities of Kaunas and Vilnius from 2007 August to 2008 April. The data analysis establishes that the main components of the subcultural identity of metal music enthusiasts, here called “metalists”, are worldview, music and the image and lifestyle they are creating. Metal music is the essential unifying factor of the subculture. It is distinguishable by its complexity, live performance and diversity of styles. The identity of the metal music subculture also relates to the image its members design that is meant to express the ideology of the subculture (e.g., black colour, long hair, preferences for military boots and leather and jeans-style clothing). The most frequently encountered symbols are related to rebellion against Christianity: the pentagram, upside-down cross, fire and different Pagan symbols. Such symbols are not only used as accessories on clothing but also for the logos the metal music groups use.[...]
      436  65