Kauno istorijos metraštis 2003 nr. 4

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  • Publication
    Psichologinis lūžis ir valdžia
    [The psychological break and the authorities (1968-1973)]
    research article
    Kauno istorijos metraštis. T. 4. Kaunas : VDU, 2003, p. 9-13
      55  84
  • Publication
    Sovietinių partinių institucijų reakcija į 1972 m. įvykius Kaune
    [The reaction of the Soviet institutions towards civil disorders in Kaunas in 1972]
    research article
    Kauno istorijos metraštis. T. 4. Kaunas : VDU, 2003, p. 15-26
    The two-days long demonstrations, civil disorder and public anti-Soviet speeches in Kaunas had shocked the Communist regime in Lithuania in 1972. Despite of the fact that about two or three thousand young people were involved in the demonstrations, and the Communists used military force against them, after the suppression of the unrest the Soviets did not start any large-scale repressive measures. The major reason for such behaviour was that the foreign policy of the USSR in 1972 was turned towards détente and cooperation with the USA. Any kind of political instability and mass victimisation was highly dangerous for the diplomatic negotiations with the leaders of the USA. The Soviet Lithuania leaders and the Communist party institutions were also interested in hiding the real nature of the civil disorder because it was their short-sighted policy that provoked the demonstrations. R.Kalanta was declared a mentally ill person, and the anti-Soviet demonstration was interpreted as the riots of hooligans. At the same time, the Communist leaders such as the first secretary of the Lithuanian Communist party A.Sniečkus were afraid of possible criticism from Moscow. They tried to describe the demonstrations and fights with militia as simple acts of violence provoked by anti-Soviet intellectuals. The result of such efforts was the new accepted policy that accused Lithuanian intellectuals and artists of sympathies towards the West. The Communist party and the KGB soon started new purging of the writers and theatre people in Kaunas as well as in all Lithuania.
      76  78
  • Publication
    R. Kalantos įvykių atgarsiai Lietuvoje pagal KGB operatyvinę informaciją
    [The comments on R. Kalanta's events according to the KGB operative information]
    research article
    Kauno istorijos metraštis. T. 4. Kaunas : VDU, 2003, p. 27-33
      65  85
  • Publication
    1972 metų gegužės įvykiai liudininkų akimis
    [The events in May 1972 in the eyes of witnesses]
    research article
    Kauno istorijos metraštis. T. 4. Kaunas : VDU, 2003, p. 35-47
      401  85
  • Publication
    1972-ųjų metų Kauno reminescencijos
    [Reminiscences of 1972 Kaunas]
    research article
    Jakubčionis, Algirdas
    Kauno istorijos metraštis, 2003, [nr.] 4, p. 49-55
    On the turn of the 6th-7th decades the tension conditioned by growing national and civil resistance to the Soviet regime was building up in Lithuania and particularly in Kaunas city. The national composition of Kaunas population, strong role of the Catholic Church in the society and the activity of youth anti-Soviet organisations made the city the centre of anti-Soviet resistance. The events in Kaunas were stimulated by European students' manifestations and hippie movements. R. Kalanta's self immolation on the 14th of May, 1972 provoked spontaneous resistance oriented towards striving for independence. The Soviet system reacted by stiffening the repressive measures, controlling youth behaviour and sending army to the city streets. The schools were pervaded with the atmosphere of fear aimed to stifle the spirit of freedom.
      52  55