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Type of publication: Straipsnis / Article
Author(s): Juozaitis, Arvydas
Title: Grįžtamasis ryšys – būtina olimpizmo sąlyga
Other Title: „Reversible link“ – the inevitable mode of the olympics
Is part of: Sporto mokslas, 2015, nr. 1, p. 63-67
Date: 2015
Keywords: Grįžtamasis ryšys tarp nacionalinio ir tarptautinio olimpizmo;Valstybės ir visuomenės vaidmuo;Organizacija sporte kaip jo „modus vivendi“;Politizuotas sportas;Sporto ideologija;Reversible link between national and international modes of Olympic movement;Role of state and society;Organization as “modus vivendi” in sports;Sport as a political tool;Sports ideology
Abstract: The article deals with the history of Olympic movement on both – national and international – levels. The key idea reveals that the “reversible link” between these two levels is indispensable, unavoidable, and fruitful. Even negative political impact on the Olympic movement (during the Olympic Games in Berlin, 1936) demonstrates that national goals, whatever they are, might be achieved by international means. Therefore the “reversible link” of national-international aspect is without alternatives. The development of international and national Olympic movement is clearly evident in Lithuanian example. The National Olympic Committee of Lithuania (LNOC) was founded decades later (1924) than it occurred on the international level (the International Olympic Committee, IOC, was founded in 1894). On the other hand, we have had to live through the difficult period of 1940-1991 when LNOC was wiped out from the international arena and all the athletes of the country were forced to represent USSR. After the Second World War, another kind of “reversible link” came to power – the selfishness of the individual victory on the international level. That kind of superiority made great benefits for national athletes. The use of doping was disclosed in 1960 at Rome Olympics (a death of Danish cyclist). After that tragedy the international Fair Play movement was founded. Another international body – European Fair Play Movement (EFPM) started in 1994. The 11th Congress of EFPM was held in Vilnius (2005) with the moving subject “Fair Play as the ideal for society”.
Appears in Collections:Sporto mokslas, 2015, Nr. 1

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