Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/99625
Type of publication: Straipsnis / Article
Author(s): Bukartaitė, Gintarė
Title: Ar kyla civilinė atsakomybė sporto dalyviams dėl jų neatsargiais veiksmais sukeltos žalos sporte?
Other Title: Can the participants of a sports event be held liable for the damage by negligent acts which they commit during the event?
Is part of: Teisės apžvalga, 2019, nr. 1(19), p. 23-44
Date: 2019
Keywords: Sporto teisė;Civilinė atsakomybė;Neatsargumas;Rūpestingumo pareiga;Rizikos prisiėmimas;Sports law;Civil liability;Negligence;Duty of care;Risk acceptance
Abstract: Straipsnyje siekiama atskleisti sporto dalyvių civilinės atsakomybės kilimo problematiką dėl jų neatsargaus elgesio sporte, kuriuo padaroma žala kitiems sporto dalyviams. Buvo keliamas klausimas, ar civilinė atsakomybė yra galima, kurių sporto dalyvių atžvilgiu ji gali būti taikoma bei kokie pagrindiniai veiksniai lemia civilinės atsakomybės kilimą. Pagrindiniai analizuojami teisiniai aspektai: neatsargumo institutas, sporto dalyvių rūpestingumo pareigos kitų dalyvių atžvilgiu ir prisiimamos rizikos ypatumai. Detalesnei analizei atlikti aptariami skirtingų sporto dalyvių – sportininkų, trenerių, klubų ir organizatorių, teisėjų bei žiūrovų – neatsargumo bei rūpestingumo pareigos aspektai, civilinės atsakomybės kilimo atvejai. Taip pat lyginama, kaip šis civilinės atsakomybės klausimas yra sprendžiamas bendrosios teisės sistemos šalyse bei ES kontinentinės teisės šalyse. Straipsnio problematikos analizė leidžia teigti, jog civilinė atsakomybė sporto dalyviui dėl jo paties neatsargiais veiksmais sukeltos žalos kitam sporto dalyviui yra galima. Be to, temai aktualūs teisiniai institutai ir kiti teisiškai svarbūs aspektai egzistuoja ir yra suvokiami tapačiai bendrosios ir kontinentinės teisės teisinėse sistemose. Išskiriami pagrindiniai teisiniai aspektai, kurie yra esminiai analizuojant probleminį klausimą: Neatsargumas; Rūpestingumo pareigos egzistavimas bei jos pažeidimas; Žala; Žalos numatymas; Priežastinis ryšys; Rizika; Sporto šakos ypatumai; Kitos toje situacijoje reikšmingos aplinkybės.
This article analyses the institute of negligence in sports law and its substantiality when dealing with a question of civil liability. The problem of this article is that negligence is common and important type of tort in sports, yet there is not enough discussion of the civil liability question when the damage caused to a sport participant is committed by negligent acts by another sport participant. This means that there are no explicit guidelines of how this question should be solved according to civil law. That was discovered by analyzing various sources of sports law literature. Analyzing the problem of this article it is important to emphasize these findings. First, to understand the institute of negligence in sports law – duty of care, standard of care and risks acceptance are fundamental and integral elements to be considered and analyzed. Second, it is necessary to have in mind that all sports participants own duty of care to each other, yet when the damage is done negligently – standard of care of a perpetrator needs to be considered as well as awareness and acceptance of risks of potential harm of an injured sport participant. Therefore, it is a necessity to discuss relevant circumstances, the conduct of these sport participants and compliance with the rules of a sport. Third, in a perspective of a various sport participants it is important that the degree of duty of care owned to different groups of sport participants usually differ and therefore the threshold of risks may differ too. Fourth, considering if a sport participant can be held liable for his negligence and caused harm, accordingly to different law systems, but vicarious liability question usually needs to be discussed as well. Fifth, comparison of sports legal literature and analysis of cases in different law systems show that the main aspects and elements considering liability question are alike. The drawn conclusion is that the participants of a sports event can be held liable for the damage by negligent acts that they commit during the event. Though, to understand and explicate this question it is extremely important to consider and analyze these legal aspects: Negligence; Existence and breach of duty of care; Damage; Foreseeability of harm; Correlation; Awareness and acceptance of risks; Sport’s rules and its safety rules; International or national law relevance considering civil liability; Other significant circumstances.
Internet: https://doi.org/10.7220/2029-4239.19.2
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/99625
Appears in Collections:Teisės apžvalga / Law Review 2019, nr. 1(19)

Files in This Item:
Show full item record

Page view(s)

22
checked on Aug 17, 2019

Download(s)

18
checked on Aug 17, 2019

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.