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Type of publication: Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Istorija ir archeologija / History and archeology (H005)
Author(s): Skirius, Juozas
Title: Lietuvos ordinų ir medalių teikimo JAV lietuviams politika 1927–1940 metais
Other Title: The policy of awarding orders and medals to American Lithuanians in 1927–1940
Is part of: Istorija : Lietuvos aukštųjų mokyklų mokslo darbai. , [T.] 83 (2011)
Extent: p. 22-36
Date: 2011
Keywords: JAV lietuviai;Nepriklausomybės medalis;LDK Gedimino ordinas;Vytauto Didžiojo ordinas;Šaulių žvaigždės ordinas;M. Bagdonas;P. Žadeikis;B.K. Balutis;P. Daužvardis;American Lithuanians;Medal of Independence;Order of Lithuanian Grand Duke Gediminas;Order of Vytautas the Great;Order of Šaulių Žvaigždės
Abstract: Coup d’état of 1926 set many Lithuanians in emigration against the Nationalist government. In order to regain emigrants’ respect and confidence, Lithuanian authorities decided to use one from many means, i. e. to award the most active representatives of Lithuanians in emigration, who contributed significantly to the restoration of independence and cultural development, with orders and medals such as the Order of Vytautas the Great, the Order of Lithuanian Grand Duke Gediminas or Šaulių Žvaigždės. The negative attitude of American Lithuanians (Catholics, Socialists, etc) towards these state awards forced the government to change its plans and solve this problem gradually: till 1931 these awards were not bestowed on Lithuanians residing in America; in the period of 1931–1936 the so-called temporary plan was introduced, i. e. the representatives of older generations of emigrants were awarded, especially to commemorate their age or activity jubilees. An attempt was made to award medals to the representatives of opposition, especially priests. In 1937–1940, the number of people who received awards and their political spectrum expanded significantly – awards were bestowed both on ordinary members and leaders from various political organizations, the editors of their newspapers, etc. Only Socialists made an exception
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Švietimo akademija
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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