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Type of publication: Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Istorija ir archeologija / History and archeology (H005)
Author(s): Šetkus, Benediktas
Title: Lenkų mokyklų steigimas Lietuvoje 1926 m
Other Title: The foundation of polish schools in 1926
Is part of: Istorija : Lietuvos aukštųjų mokyklų mokslo darbai. , [T.] 65 (2007)
Extent: p. 38-47
Date: 2007
Keywords: Polonizacija;Lenkų pradžios mokykla;Krikščionys demokratai;Valstiečių liaudininkų ir socialdemokratų koalicija;Švietimas
Abstract: The article analyses a rapid establishment of Polish schools in Lithuania in 1926, i.e. the period when the Peasant Populist and the Social-Democratic coalition came to power. The author, on the basis of the materials of Lithuania's state archives and published primary sources, tries to estimate the dangers of Lithuania's Polonisation. The research shows that after WWI the Polish language was widely spread in some districts of Lithuania. Landowners and some of Lithuania's officials used it in their everyday life and even forced the Lithuanians to address them in Polish. Because of certain lack of self-consciousness, many children from Lithuanian families attended Polish primary schools. This fact became especially evident after the census of 1923; consequently, the Government, represented by the Christian-Democratic party, resorted to some measures to limit the number of Lithuanian children learning in Polish or other national minority schools. These measures included the identification of pupils' nationality on the basis of their parents' passports, some changes in the educational laws and regulations, and so on. Naturally, these measures were strongly opposed by Lithuania's Polish community. During the 1926 election to the Seimas, the Peasant Populist and Social-Democratic coalition, supported by national minorities, came to power. Social-Democratic Minister of Education, V. Cepinskas, did not support the ideological principles of the Christian- Democrats thus facilitating the further establishment of Polish schools. Representatives of the Polish community were also active in this process and used illegal measures such as intimidation, promise to provide pupils with some privileges, falsification of the pupils lists etc. All this resulted in the fact that some Lithuanian families agreed that their children attended schools supported by the Polish educational society Pochodnia
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Švietimo akademija
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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