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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis Clarivate Analytics Web of Science / Article in Clarivate Analytics Web of Science (S1)
Field of Science: Mechanikos inžinerija / Mechanical Engineering (T009)
Author(s): Janulevičius, Algirdas;Juostas, Antanas;Čiplienė, Aušra
Title: Nitrogen-oxide emissions from diesel-engine farm tractors during real-life cycles and their correlation with the not-to-exceed operating zones
Is part of: Biosystems engineering. San Diego., Vol. 161 (2017)
Extent: p. 93-105
Date: 2017
Keywords: Tractor;Engine;Load profile;NOx emission;Operational time;Not-to-exceed zone
Abstract: A methodology is introduced to help provide a better understanding of how real-life factors influence emissions from tractors by determining: engine speed vs. load for modes in which tractors most often operate in farms; the operating time for tractor engines in load vs. speed modes that fall into the range of exhaust gas not-to-exceed (NTE) control zones; NOx emissions during tractor real-life cycles, and the quantities emitted by engines when operating in NTE zone. Real-life operating times were calculated and broken down by engine operating modes and NOx emissions by referring to load profile databases accumulated in the control processors of tractor engines. Tests showed that for the ten farm tractors studied (Massey Ferguson 6499), they operated with engine operating modes that fell into the NTE zone for only about 51% of their total real-life operating times and in that mode emitted 60.1% of the total NOx gases emitted during the whole of their operation. Most of the tractors (∼76%) emitted NOx during engine loads above 50% of the maximum torque (Tmax), 21.6% at loads between 30 and 50% of Tmax, and only 2.3% in loads up to 30% of the Tmax. The most significant amount of NOx emitted during the real-life cycles occurred when the tested engines operated in a cyclic fuel injection mode with 10–20 mg cycle−1 and engine speeds of 700–1100 rpm. The data acquired using this method could help farmers operate tractors in a more rational and environmental modes
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Žemės ūkio akademija
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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