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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis konferencijos medžiagoje Clarivate Analytics Web of Science ar/ir Scopus / Article in Clarivate Analytics Web of Science or Scopus DB conference proceedings (P1a)
Field of Science: Aplinkos inžinerija / Environmental engineering (T004)
Author(s): Vaikasas, Saulius;Palaima, Kęstutis;Gjunsburgs, Boriss
Title: Impact of hydropower plant operation on water pollution ond self-purification in the Virvyte river
Is part of: Rural development 2011 : 5th international scientific conference, 24-25 November, 2011, Akademija : proceedings. Akademija : Aleksandras Stulginskis University, Vol. 5, b. 2 (2011)
Extent: p. 358-364
Date: 2011
Keywords: Floodplains;Hydropower plants;Suspended sediments;Dams and reservoirs;Impact on environment
Abstract: In rural development areas small hydroelectric power plants (HPP) are a valuable source of renewable energy; but interaction between a river and its environment exist and negative impact of a HPP operation on the environment must be estimate. To evaluate this impact, hydraulic parameters such as velocity, water depth, Froude Number (Fr) and fluctuation of flow regimes were measured and hydro biological conditions of water were estimated in 10 HPP cascade in the Virvyte river. Field experiment on the consequences of HPP turbines f operation was performed in natural, directly and indirectly impacted regimes. To determine the concentrations of suspended solids (SS), total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP), water samples were taken from each dam both upstream (reservoir) and downstream (river). To predict sedimentation and self-purification processes in the riverbed and in the flooded valley the mathematical-hydraulic modelling was used. It was established that all the HPP, where water flowed via the reservoirs and downstream through the HPP turbines, changed the natural regimes of SS. All the reservoirs trapped most SS including the finest ones. As a result, in the reservoir bed substrates the percentage of the particles with diameters < 0.01 mm increased about threefold in comparison to that in the river bed. The direct correlation with the coefficients ranging from 0.35 to 0.94 was found between the reservoir capacities and the deposited amounts of these particles. The concentrations of SS were established to decrease due to water retention in the reservoirs. The TN and TP concentrations decreased some more than 10 % when the water stayed in the pond cascades. [...]
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Žemės ūkio akademija
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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