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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis konferencijos medžiagoje kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in conference proceedings in other databases (P1c)
Field of Science: Ekologija ir aplinkotyra / Ecology and environmental sciences (N012)
Author(s): Daugėlienė, Nijolė;Žekonienė, Vanda;Bartkevičius, Edmundas
Title: Peculiarities of transition of unused grasslands and other abandoned areas in Lithuania
Is part of: Alternative functions of grassland: Proceedings of the 15th European Grassland Federation Symposium, Brno, Czech Republic, 7-9 September 2009. Zubri, 2009
Extent: p. 79-82
Date: 2009
ISBN: 9788086908151
Abstract: Unused grassland areas, the majority of which are situated in the south-eastern and western parts of Lithuania, were formed during the land reform as a result of the changes in the ratio between perennial vegetation and arable land. Various factors were responsible for the appearance of unused grasslands: land reform peculiarities, inappropriate exploitation of land amelioration equipment, soil erosion and acidification, and inadequate use of grassland areas. A large part of the unused grasslands is composed of cultivated meadows and pastures that have not been fertilised and renovated for the last decade. Parts of such areas are fallows, and the other parts are being conserved. The areas of cultivated meadows and pastures are being conserved first, then former cereal fields, and last row crop fields. The main criterion for grassland conservation is the soil texture. Of the total amount of unused meadows and grasslands 54% is left for spontaneous overgrowth with various plants, trees, and shrubs, while 64% is afforested. Meadows and pastures most commonly overgrow spontaneously with white alder and birch, swamps and peatlands with birch, and quarries and sands with white alder, pine, and birch. Fir is commonly used for the afforestation of meadows, pastures, swamps, and peatlands, while pine is most commonly used for quarries and sands
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Žemės ūkio akademija
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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