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Type of publication: conference paper
Type of publication (PDB): Tezės kituose recenzuojamuose leidiniuose / Theses in other peer-reviewed publications (T1e)
Field of Science: Biologija / Biology (N010)
Author(s): Gelvonauskis, Bronislovas;Labokas, Juozas;Žilinskaitė, Silva;Gelvonauskienė, Dalia;Česonienė, Laima
Title: Conservation and use of fruit genetic resources in Lithuania
Is part of: Eucarpia 2011: 13th Eucarpia symposium on fruit breeding and genetics, Warsaw, Poland September 11-15, 2011, abstracts book. Warsaw : Warsaw university of life sciences (WULS – SGGW); Polish Academy of Sciences
Extent: p. 136-136
Date: 2011
Keywords: Vaisių genetika;Lietuva;Fruit genetic;Resources;Lithuania
Abstract: In Lithuania, the genetic resources of fruit plants are mainly concentrated, preserved and studied in four institutions: the Institute of Horticulture of Lithuanian Centre of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, the Institute of Botany of Nature Research Centre, the Vilnius University Botanical Garden and the Kaunas Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus University. Cultivars of apples, plums, sour and sweet cherries, black currants and strawberries are conserved at the Institute of Horticulture. There are 1470 accessions of fruit plants in the collections of the Institute. The most numerous is the apple collection with nearly 800 accessions. The genetic resources of fruit plants were used in different breeding programmes and 85 cultivars were bred. The genetic resources of raspberries, blackberries, wild strawberries, lingonberries, cranberries, blueberries, mostly of local origin, are maintained at the Institute of Botany as well as studied in situ, in their original habitats. Valuable forms of local origin and cultivars of edible honeysuckle, Japanese quince (Chaenomeles), raspberries and blackberries, grapes are maintained in the field collections at Vilnius University Botanical Garden. Those collections contain more than 750 accessions. Rich collections of snowballs, actinidia, cranberries, highbush blueberries and some others are established at Kaunas Botanical Garden. There are more than 300 cultivars and forms of local origin as well as forms introduced from other countries. The evaluation of accessions (contents of biologically active compounds, vitamins and other substances) of berries, tolerance to the local climatic conditions, technological aspects of propagation and cultivation and other properties are being studied
Affiliation(s): Botanikos institutas
Botanikos sodas
Lietuvos agrarinių ir miškų mokslų centro Sodininkystės ir daržininkystės institutas
Lietuvos sodininkystės ir daržininkystės institutas,
Vilniaus universitetas
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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