Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/52077
Type of publication: Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Politikos mokslai / Politic sciences (S002)
Author(s): Kalpokas, Ignas
Title: Ilgalaikio kultūrinio pasipriešinimo problemos: Meksikos zapatistų atvejis
Other Title: Problems of long-term cultural resistance: the case of the Mexican zapatistas
Is part of: Politologija. Vilnius : Vilniaus universiteto leidykla, 2011, nr. 2(62)
Extent: p. 94-123
Date: 2011
Keywords: Zapatistai;Komunikacija;Tapatumas;Cultural resistence;Zapatistas;Communication
Abstract: Nors nuo pat 1994-ųjų zapatizmo judėjimui publikacijose tiek ispanų, tiek anglų kalba skirta daug dėmesio, reali raida parodė, kad daugeliu atvejų tyrinėtojų prognozės buvo pernelyg optimistinės. Nepaisant pradinio populiarumo bei inovatymumo, po 2006-ųjų pastebimas akivaizdus aktyvumo sumažėjimas ir paramos judėjimui nykimas, kartu – galimybės pasiekti realių pokyčių mažėjimas. Šiame straipsnyje norima, analizuojant zapatistų silpnėjimo priežastis, išsiaiškinti iššūkius, ilguoju laikotarpiu kylančius ne karinėmis priemonėmis radikalių politinių pokyčių siekiantiems judėjimams. Daugiausia dėmesio skiriama pasaulėžiūros nestruktūruotumui, negebėjimui pakankamai greitai sukurti „sėkmės istorijos“ savo bendruomenėse bei virtualios komunikacijos ir mobilizacijos problemoms. Kadangi iki šiol Lietuvoje apie zapatizmą rašyta nedaug, kartu pateikiama būtiniausia informacija apie judėjimo veiklą ir kontekstą
The Zapatista National Liberation Army first came to prominence on 1 January 1994 when they attacked several cities in the southern Mexican state of Chiapas in protest against the NAFTA agreement. Though having been quickly defeated by the Mexican Army, the movement was able to reorganize and reinvent itself, moving from armed struggle to socio-cultural resistance, and embracing the new opportunities, provided by the development of communications, thus outlining the path that was to be taken by other movements. However, the activity and popularity of the movement declined significantly, presumably due to its inability to sustain the momentum in the long-run. The article is aimed at analyzing long-term challenges faced by the Zapatistas as a paradigmatic case for other movements seeking radical political change by non-military means. These include the ideological, organizational and communicative plains. First of all, the openness of the Zapatista worldviews has had a paradoxical effect. It proved to be highly useful in the short-term, when many groups and individuals were attracted by the Zapatistas’ inclination to search for solutions rather than give final answers, by their pluralism and refutation of any hierarchy in power and knowledge. This, however, appeared as a self-defeating strategy when the Zapatistas had the possibility of constructing a nationwide reform movement and to propose a program for political change. This should be seen as a decisive moment, when the Zapatistas had to either betray their principle to ‘lead by obeying’ and to take initiative, or to risk losing the momentum, which was precisely what happened. The Zapatistas also failed to achieve substantive improvements in economic and social conditions of their communities. [...]
Internet: http://www.zurnalai.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/8276/6148
http://www.zurnalai.vu.lt/politologija/article/view/8276/6148
Affiliation(s): Politikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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