Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/49410
Type of publication: Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Istorija ir archeologija / History and archeology (H005)
Author(s): Sabaitytė, Giedrė
Title: Pabėgusių iš dvarų valsiečių "užribiškumo" problema XVI-XVIII a. Lietuvos Didžiosios Kunigaikštystės visuomenėje
Other Title: Runaway from estates peasants as a marginal group in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (16th-17th centuries)
Is part of: Istorija : mokslo darbai. Vilnius : Vilniaus pedagoginio universiteto leidykla, T. 78 (2010)
Extent: p. 15-24
Date: 2010
Keywords: Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė;Pabėgę valstiečiai;16-18 amžius;Užribio žmonės;Statuso problema;Grand Duchy of Lithuania;Runaway peasans;Marginal peaple;Status problem;16th-18th centuries
Abstract: This article deals with one group of people in the society of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the 16th–18th centuries, i. e. the run-away peasants, who wilfully left the estates of their own patrons. This wilful act in the legal system of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (1529, 1566, 1588 Lithuanian Statutes) was considered as a crime. According to the Statutes, punishable were not only the acts of getaway but also hiding of the fugitives and refusal to return them to their masters. From year 1529, Lithuanian Statutes expanded the norms and requirements to deal with this kind of crime. The Lithuanian Statutes of the years 1566, 1588 were supplemented by the articles improving the ways fugitives should be persecuted and detained, the description of the judicial procedure, the terms of prescription and its application (from six to ten years dependently on the distance where the fugitives were captured), evaluation of the damage done to the master by fugitives and its restitution. Because the runaway of the peasants was considered as a crime, the fugitives found themselves behind the limits of law; consequently, their status radically changed from ordinary peasants to the marginal group of the society. To solve this problem and to validate their status, three possibilities were offered: to change the master and retain the status of the dependant peasants with their duties, to blend in the mass of city dwellers, thus changing the lifestyle and taking a risk to hide until the prescription validates, or to choose the vagrancy lifestyle thus becoming an object of intolerance and persecution. To run away from the estates and masters was one of the possibilities to change the conditions of peasants’ life, but its success depended on many factors. [...]
Internet: http://www.istorijoszurnalas.lt/images/stories/Istorija_78/Istorija78.pdf
http://www.istorijoszurnalas.lt/images/stories/Istorija_78/Istorija78.pdf
Affiliation(s): Humanitarinių mokslų fakultetas
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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