Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/46708
Type of publication: Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Politikos mokslai / Politic sciences (S002)
Author(s): Žukaitė, Gintarė
Title: XXI amžiaus socializmas. Kas tai?
Other Title: Socialism of the XXIth century : what is it?
Is part of: Politikos mokslų almanachas [elektroninis išteklius]. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 6 (2009)
Extent: p. 91-114
Date: 2009
Keywords: Socializmas;Socialinės reformos;Regiono integracija;Konstitucija;Ekonomika;Ekonominės reformos;Lotynų Amerika;Venesuela;Socialism;Participatory democracy;Social reforms;Regional integration;Constitution;Economics;Economic reforms;Latin America;Venesuela
Abstract: Procesai, vykstantys Lotynų Amerikoje, daro neišvengiamą įtaką pasaulinei politikai, todėl jų analizė yra labai aktuali politologinėje darbotvarkėje. Šiame straipsnyje ir bus analizuojamos Lotynų Amerikoje kylančios tendencijos, t. y. XXI amžiaus socializmas. Tai nauja teorija, pasisakanti už teisingos ekonomikos suformavimą, dalyvaujamosios demokratijos įdiegimą, beklasės visuomenės sukūrimą, besivystančių valstybių galios didinimą tarptautinėje arenoje. Kol kas XXI amžiaus socializmas paplitęs tik Lotynų Amerikos regione, tačiau dėl pasaulį krečiančios ekonominės krizės naujasis judėjimas gali pasklisti ir kitose pasaulio dalyse
The concept „Socialism of XXIst century“ was first used by German sociologist, Professor Heinz Dieterich Steffan. In his two books „El Socialismo del Siglo XXI“ and „Hugo Chávez y el Socialismo del Siglo XXI“ as well as in many articles and interviews he described what new socialism should look like. It is mainly consist of 4 institutions. First of all, Equivalence economy, which should be based on Marxian labor theory of value and which is democratically determined by those who directly create value, instead of marketeconomical principles. Second institution of Socialism of XXIst century is majority democracy, which makes use of plebiscites, referendums to decide upon important questions that concern the whole society. Majority democracy is also based on democratic state institutions as legitimate representatives of the common interests of the majority of citizens, with a suitable protection of minority rights. The third component of new socialism is the critical and responsible subject, the rationally, ethically and aesthetically self-determined citizen. The last part of the Socialism of XXIst century is classless society. In foreign policy it is very important regional cooperation. On January 30, 2005, in a speech to the 5th World Social Forum, Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez announced that he supported the creation of socialism of the XXIst century in Venezuela. According to Chavez, this socialism would be different from the socialism of the XXth century. While Chavez was vague about exactly how this new socialism would be different, he implied it would not be a state socialism as was practiced in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe or as is practiced in Cuba today. Rather, it would be a socialism that would be more pluralistic and less state-centred.[...]
Internet: http://vddb.laba.lt/obj/LT-eLABa-0001:J.04~2009~ISSN_2029-0225.V_6.PG_91-114
http://vddb.laba.lt/obj/LT-eLABa-0001:J.04~2009~ISSN_2029-0225.V_6.PG_91-114
Affiliation(s): Politikos mokslų ir diplomatijos fakultetas
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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