Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/40211
Type of publication: Monografija / Monograph (K1a)
Field of Science: Sociologija / Sociology (S005)
Author(s): Bennardo, Giovanni;Munck, Victor C. de
Title: Cultural models : genesis, methods, and experiences
Extent: 325 p
Publishing data: Oxford : Oxford University Press
Date: 2014
Note: eISBN 9780199383931, 0199383936
Keywords: Culture;Case studies;Anthropology;Cultural policy;Public policy
ISBN: 9780199908042
Abstract: This book is about cultural models. Cultural models are defined as molar organizations of knowledge. Their internal structure consists of a 'core' component and 'peripheral' nodes that are filled by default values. These values are instantiated, i.e., changed to specific values or left at their default values, when the individual experiences 'events' of any type. Thus, the possibility arises for recognizing and categorizing events as representative of the same cultural model even if they slightly differ in each of their specific occurrences. Cultural models play an important role in the generation of one's behavior. They correlate well with those of others and the behaviors they help shape are usually interpreted by others as intended. A proposal is then advanced to consider cultural models as fundamental units of analysis for an approach to culture that goes beyond the dichotomy between the individual (culture only in mind) and the collective (culture only in the social realm). The genesis of the concept of cultural model is traced from Kant to contemporary scholars. The concept underwent a number of transformations (including label) while it crossed and received further and unique elaborations within disciplines like philosophy, psychology, anthropology, sociology, artificial intelligence, and cognitive science. A methodological trajectory is outlined that blends qualitative and quantitative techniques that cross-feed each other in the gargantuan effort to discover cultural models. A survey follows of the extensive research about cultural models carried out with populations of North Americans, Europeans, Latino- and Native-Americans , Asians (including South Asians and South-East Asians), Pacific Islanders, and Africans. The results of the survey generated the opportunity to propose an empirically motivated typology of cultural models rooted in the primary difference between foundational and molar types
Internet: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/40211
Affiliation(s): Socialinių mokslų fakultetas
Sociologijos katedra
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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