Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/36589
Type of publication: Magistro darbas / Master thesis
Field of Science: Teisė / Law
Author(s): Araneckaitė, Evelina
Title: Ar kibernetinio saugumo įstatymo 12 straipsnio 4 punktas nepažeidžia žmogaus teisių į privataus gyvenimo neliečiamumą?
Other Title: Whether the provisions of art. 12 p. 4 of the law on cybernetic safety of the Republic of Lithuania are in line with inviolability human rights, regarding private life?
Extent: 42 p.
Date: 7-Jun-2018
Event: Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas. Teisės fakultetas
Keywords: Kibernetinis saugumas;Žmogaus teisės;Privatus gyvenimas;Cyber security;Private life;Human rights
Abstract: Baigiamasis magistro darbas buvo rašomas apie asmens privataus gyvenimo pažeidimus, užtikrinant kibernetinį saugumą, analizuojant Lietuvos Respublikos kibernetinio saugumo įstatymo 12 straipsnio 4 punktą. O būtent, dėl tos priežasties, kad šios įstatymo normos turinys nėra aiškiai atskleistas. Taip pat, policijai yra suteikiami platūs įgaliojimai vykdant kibernetinių incidentų, galimai turinčių nusikalstamos veikos požymių, užkardymą ir tyrimą. Darbe buvo iškeltas tikslas atlikus tyrimą atsakyti į klausimą ar Lietuvos Respublikos kibernetinio saugumo įstatymo 12 straipsnio 4 punktas neprieštarauja Europos žmogaus teisių ir pagrindinių laisvių apsaugos konvencijos 8 straipsniui. Siekiant įgyvendinti tikslą atsakymų buvo ieškoma analizuojant Lietuvos Respublikos kibernetinio saugumo įstatymo 12 straipsnio 4 punktą, nustatant, kad srauto duomenų ir perduodamos informacijos turinio kontrolė yra vykdoma vadovaujantis Lietuvos Respublikos baudžiamojo proceso kodekso ir Lietuvos Respublikos kriminalinės žvalgybos įstatymo normomis. Darbe pateikiama Lietuvos Respublikos baudžiamojo proceso kodekso 154 str., ir Lietuvos Respublikos kriminalinės žvalgybos įstatymo 10 str., analizės iš kurių buvo nustatytas kibernetinio saugumo įstatymo 12 straipsnio 4 punkto taikymas vykdant kibernetinių incidentų užkardymą ir tyrimą. Darbe nustatyta, kad asmens privataus gyvenimo neliečiamumo apsauga įtvirtinta Lietuvos Respublikos Konstitucijoje ir Europos žmogaus teisių ir pagrindinių laisvių apsaugos konvencijoje. Tačiau teisė į privataus gyvenimo neliečiamumą nėra absoliuti – ją galima riboti. Siekiant nustatyti, šios teisės apribojimo kriterijus, buvo analizuojama Europos žmogaus teisių teismo ir Lietuvos Respublikos konstitucinio teismo jurisprudencija. To pasėkoje, buvo gautos išvados, kad riboti teisę į asmens privataus gyvenimo neliečiamumą yra galima, siekiant užkardyti ir tirti nusikalstamas veikas, tačiau įstatymas, kuriuo yra numatyti žmogaus teisės į privataus gyvenimo neliečiamumą apribojimai turi būti prieinamas, išdėstytas tiksliai, turi atitikti kokybės reikalavimus, būti suderinamas su teisės viršenybės principu ir visais atvejais turi būti laikomasi konstitucinio proporcingumo principo.
This Master Thesis involves the issue on violations of a private life, ensuring cybernetic safety, according to the provisions of art. 12 p. 4 of the Law on Cybernetic Safety of the Republic of Lithuania. The reason was a lack of clearance of the content for this provision. Moreover, the police have been appointed with too vast scope of authority in prevention and investigation of cybernetic accidents, possibly featuring elements of a criminal deed. The police have a right to give reasonable commands for the economical units, providing electronic network services, to keep personal information, which identifies the major personal data. The aim of the Thesis: to perform the research to answer the question whether the provisions of art. 12 p. 4 of the Law on Cybernetic Safety of the Republic of Lithuania are in line with art. 8 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Thesis consists of two parts. The first part has revealed that, according to the provisions of art. 12 p. 4 of the Law on Cybernetic Safety of the Republic of Lithuania, receiving a reasoned decision of the court, the police has a right to control user’s flow data and content for prevention and investigation of cybernetic accidents, possibly featuring elements of a criminal deed. The Thesis has defined flow data as one, revealing message features, such as time, transferred data amount, route, place of a sender and an addressee. Consequently, transferred information content includes the content of a message or a chat, identifying a vast amount, characterizing a person and his/her private life. Moreover, flow data and information content control could be performed pursuant to the provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Republic of Lithuania and the Law on Criminal Espionage. The analysis in the second part of the Thesis has revealed that application of control of user’s flow data and transferred information content for prevention and investigation of cybernetic accidents, is linked to a private life of an individual, laid down in the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania and the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. However, a right of a private life is not the absolute, it could be restricted. Criteria for restriction are clearly listed by the European Court of Human Rights and the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Lithuania. The European Court of Human Rights has set that a right for inviolability of private life could be restricted, if the restrictions have been laid down in the law and are oriented to achievement of legal purposes. Moreover, the provisions of the law, legalizing application of secret supervision, have to be precise in order to show the citizens the conditions, when the state bodies have a right to apply such secret restriction could be possibly dangerous for their rights for a private life and correspondence. The said measures have to be grounded by the precise legal norms, also to meet requirements of quality, to be accessible, predictable and in line with the principle of law domination. Otherwise, if the law has not been presented clearly, it is considered to be the violation of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The European Court of Human Rights has underlined that a human right for a private life could be restricted in case there are appropriate and efficient national legal guarantees against abuse. The assessment depends on a type, amount and duration of applied measures, also grounds of their application (institution, its competence to put sanctions, to execute and to control; the way or ways of legal protection, laid down in the national law system). The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Lithuania has underlined that a human right for a private life could be restricted in the following cases: it is implemented, according to the law; the restrictions in a democratic society are necessary to protect rights and freedoms of other persons, also the constitutional values and purposes; the restrictions do not compromise the origin and essence of the rights and freedoms; the constitutional principle of proportionality has been observed. However, the restricting measures could be applied only in case they are proportional regarding the aim that could not be achieved in other ways. Applying the measures in each case, the particular situation has to be assessed, all related circumstances have to be investigated and detected whether it is impossible to achieve the set aim without violation of a private/family life and without restricting the human rights more than it is necessary to achieve the aim, important socially and grounded constitutionally. Violation of personal privacy, related to control of information, transferred by electronic networks, usually happens when the requirements on privacy restriction have not been observed: control is disproportional, collected information is used inappropriately, it is failed to inform the controlled or related persons on such, etc. A human right to inviolability of a personal life is frequently breached due to a lack of regulation of the measures in a national legal system.
Internet: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/36589
Appears in Collections:2018 m. (TF mag.)

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