Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/35279
Type of publication: Straipsnis / Article
Author(s): Bojarski, Janusz
Title: Human trafficking as economic crime and its legal characterisation in Polish criminal law
Other Title: Prekyba žmonėmis kaip ekonominis nusikaltimas ir jo teisinis vertinimas Lenkijos baudžiamojoje teisėje
Is part of: Teisės apžvalga, 2017, nr. 2(16), p. 113-125
Date: 2017
Keywords: Human trafficking;Prekyba žmonėmis;Organized crime;Criminal law;Criminology;Judiciary;Law enforcement;Economic crime;Organizuotas nusikalstamumas;Baudžiamoji teisė;Kriminologija;Teismai;Teisėsauga;Ekonominiai nusikaltimai
Abstract: This paper presents some specific features of modern slavery. Very important changes occurred during last years. Trafficking in women and children in aim of sexual exploitation is not so dominant aspect of human trafficking. The number of committed offences of human trafficking in aim of forced labour is increased very fast. This in obviously economic crime now. In some areas of the world the most important sectors of economy depend on forced labour. Examples could be cotton production in Uzbekistan and cocoa in Ivory Coast. Some new tools as Internet create new dangers but also new possibilities to protect citizens. Some states, as the UK, adopts completely new types of regulations to prevent this criminal activity. Poland is the country of origin and destination of victims and also transit country. Comparison to other European countries gives surprising results. Per cent of slaves in Poland is third highest in our continent. One of the reasons of such situation is high number of Ukrainians looking for a job here. This nationality is the most frequently victims of forced labour in Poland. Authorities of many countries have the same problem to solve. How to find a good compromise between need for international, as strong as possible, harmonisation of standards of criminal responsibility and creation of efficient rules of law in internal aspect. At present international obligations are probably stronger and countries adopt new provision, very often just directly translating parts of international agreement as part of internal statute. The latest history of Polish regulations regarding human trafficking is good example of such practice.
Šiame straipsnyje pateikiamos tam tikros prekybos žmonėmis (šiuolaikinės vergovės) charakteristikos. Labai svarbūs pokyčiai įvyko per pastaruosius metus ir galima teigti, kad prekyba moterimis ir vaikais siekiant seksualinio išnaudojimo, nėra dominuojanti prekybos žmonėmis forma. Vertinant tai, kad prekybos žmonėmis nusikaltimų, susijusių su priverstiniu darbu, skaičius labai padidėjo pastaruoju metu - tai yra akivaizdus ekonominis nusikaltimas. Kai kuriose pasaulio vietose svarbiausi ekonomikos sektoriai priklauso nuo priverstinio darbo ir tai yra daugelio valstybių problema. Labai svarbu rasti kompromisą siekiant derinti baudžiamosios atsakomybės standartus bei veiksmingų įstatymų nustatymą valstybės viduje. Šiuo metu tarptautiniai teisės aktai yra griežtesni, todėl šalys, priimdamos naujas nuostatas savo nacionalinėje teisėje, labai dažnai tiesiogiai perkelia tam tikras tarptautinių susitarimų dalis. Tinkamas to pavyzdys - naujausia Lenkijos teisės aktų dėl prekybos žmonėmis istorija.
Internet: http://dx.doi.org/10.7220/2029-4239.16.7
https://eltalpykla.vdu.lt/1/35279
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12259/35279
Appears in Collections:Teisės apžvalga / Law Review 2017, nr. 2(16)

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