SOTER: religijos mokslo žurnalas / SOTER: Journal of Religious Science 2010, nr. 33(61)

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  • Publication
    The image of God as Father in Qumran writings
    [Dievo kaip Tėvo įvaizdis Kumrano raštuose]
    research article
    Soter : religijos mokslo žurnalas. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 33 (2010), p. 7-22
    The image of God as Father in theological literature is usually analyzed with reference to the Holy Bible. Since in Qumran writings there are not many direct references or allusions to this subject, those fragments are often left in the shadow and considered having little importance. This article, namely, presents and discusses all the Qumran texts found by now which directly or indirectly refer to the divine fatherhood. These texts are grouped under the following three headings: texts in which the term “father” is employed with regard to God; texts, where people are called God’s “sons”; and texts, in which God is spoken of “as father”.
      46  41
  • Publication
    Apaštalas Paulius kaip radikalus žydas Danielio Boyarino postmodernistinėje interpretacijoje
    [Apostle Paul as a Radical Jew in the Post -modern interpretation of Daniel Boyarin]
    research article
    Soter : religijos mokslo žurnalas. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 33 (2010), p. 23-51
    One of the most known titles for Paul of Tarsus is the Apostle of Nations. To Galatians Paul writes that the Lord called him to “preach Him among the Gentiles [ethnēs]” (Gal 1:16). Nevertheless, during his mission, he always attempted to preach in synagogues, and only in the case of resistance he turned to the pagan citizens. The question about Paul’s relationship with his own Jewish background and even with Judaeo-Christian community is still one of the most problematic. During the course of two millennium of Christianity, he was treated as the inventor of Christianity, as a Pharisee convert and promoter of anti-Semitism. The work of the Jewish Talmud professor and post-modern culture critic Daniel Boyarin “A Radical Jew: Paul and the Politics of Identity” (1994) was a radical novelty in the understanding of Paul from the Jewish orthodox perspective. The author not only calls a Christian apostle “an important Jewish thinker” and his letters “the most remarkable texts in the canon of western literature”, but tries to present him as a type of internal critic of the Jewish culture. Paul himself is in a sense paradigma of “the Jew”. Describing who Paul was and what was his impact on the formation of Christian and Jewish identity, he uses specific saussurian distinction of signified and signifier typical of postmodern text criticism. He tries to reveal the structure that lies behind the teaching of the “radical Jew”. Paul himself is a convert not from Judaism to Christianity, but rather a Pharisee who was caught by the Hellenist idea of human universality on his way to Damascus, if that concrete event had ever happened. He believes that Paul was motivated not by an abnormal psychological state but by a set of problems and ideas generated by his cultural, religious situation.[...].
      49  141
  • Publication
    Taikymo funkcija H. G. Gadamerio filosofinėje hermeneutikoje: praktikos kognityvumas
    [Function of application in h. g. gadamer’s philosophical hermeneutics: cognitivity of practice]
    research article
    Paulikaitė-Gricienė, Milda
    Soter : religijos mokslo žurnalas, 2010, nr. 33(61), p. 53-66
    Šiame straipsnyje toliau tyrinėjamas H. G. Gadamerio hermeneutinis supratimas skirtingų jo funkcijų požiūriu. Išskyrus sudėtingai tarpusavyje sąveikaujančius esminius kognityvumo, normatyvumo ir reproduktyvumo sandus dėmesys sutelkiamas į hermeneutinio supratimo normatyvumą ir jo įtaką kognityvumui. Pirmojoje straipsnio dalyje išskiriama ir aprašoma normatyvioji hermeneutinio supratimo funkcija, atskleidžiamos ontologinės filosofinės hermeneutikos prielaidos, lemiančios tokį funkcijų persiskirstymą pažinimo procese. Antrojoje straipsnio dalyje tiriama patį supratimo kognityvumą ištinkanti transformacija bei pažinimo procese išnyrantys moralinės sąmonės apibrėžtumai: kaip ir moralėje, taip ir hermeneutiniame supratime pažįstama veiksmu, ir pats pažinimas taip pat yra traktuojamas kaip moralinis veiksmas; aprašoma moralinė hermeneutiniu supratimu pažįstančiojo savimonė, atskleidžiama unikali ir taip labai nuo moderniosios epistemologinės traktuotės besiskirianti hermeneutinė „subjekto“ ir „objekto“ prigimties samprata.
      22  28
  • Publication
    Ekleziologijos savitumai ekumeninėje perspektyvoje
    [Different ecclesiology in the ecumenical perspective]
    research article
    Soter : religijos mokslo žurnalas. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 33 (2010), p. 67-78
    The notion of the Church was the object of the hottest discussions among Eastern and Western bishops. Western and Eastern Churches from the very beginning differed in liturgical rites, understanding of dogmas, formation of administrative structures. But these differences did not hinder the unity, they even enriched all the Church. The tension because of different understanding of the Church lasted until 1054 when the patriarchy of Constantinople declared his separation from the Church of Rome. The important reason for the separation was the Byzantine caesaro-papism that influenced the notion of the Church. After the Lyon II and Florence Councils followed a long period without an open dialogue which started only in recent times. In the 20th century, discussions on ecumenism appeared in the Christian world. Together with them, efforts to seek for union among different Christian denominations started. Both Churches came very close during the Second Vatican Council. Great preparations were made for that. In 1927 Oriental Institute was founded in Rome. It dealt with oriental problems. Later Pope John XXIII, opening the Vatican II, announced ecumenism as one of the most important priorities of the Council. The second pope of the Council, Paul VI spoke that not only the Eastern Church was guilty for the great separation. They inspired inner changes and new outlook on the separated. The Second Vatican Council was a big breakthrough in the relations of Western and Eastern Churches. In spite of a started nice dialogue, recent situation in the East concerning ecumenism is not very promising. Though Eastern theologians understand Church in a very similar way to the Catholics but they disagree about the Catholic understanding of the Pope’s institution and its jurisdiction. The Church is described as a community of believers, the unity of freedom and love. Such descriptions do not reveal the true essence of the Church.[...].
      114  44
  • Publication
    Savanorystė socialinių gebėjimų ugdymo koncepcijoje
    [Volunteering in the conception of social skills education]
    research article ; ;
    Trečiokienė, Edita
    Soter : religijos mokslo žurnalas. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 33 (2010), p. 79-92
    Voluntary activity always played an important role in every civilization and society. During the history of the Catholic Church, religious communities were the first to take care of public education, treatment and social welfare. Thousands of religious created and worked in the voluntary health and education system. They created hospitals to the poor, orphans and single mother’s shelters. They well understood Christ’s words, “whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers of mine, you did for me.” (Mt 25:40). The role of voluntary action in our society is increasing. Voluntary activity at both national and international level is closely linked to active citizenship, the core of democracy. Voluntary activities – it is an opportunity for everyone, regardless of gender, race, nationality, religion, political belief, age or health, to use their skills and experience, gain new skills, make friends, engage in work and change the social life of the country. Voluntary activities promote personal development, expand social benefits, general human capacity – it is time for the benefit of other activities and the opportunity to educate themselves, improve their personal, professional and social competencies. Volunteering is one of the ways in which different nationalities, religions, social and economic environment and people can affect positive change. A changing society, people’s social skills are becoming particularly important. Greater opportunity to adapt to new environment, extend successful participation in the area of lifelong learning. Non-governmental organizations are great opportunities for people of different age engage in learning through volunteering, to realize their talents, share ideas, values, to communicate. The Church is called to love and serve people.[...].
      103  113