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Type of publication: Straipsnis / Article
Author(s): Tamošaitis, Mindaugas
Title: Bronys Raila priešokupaciniu dešimtmečiu: tarp kraštutinės kairės ir dešinės
Other Title: Bronys Raila in the decade before the occupation: between the extreme left and right
Is part of: OIKOS: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos, 2010, nr. 2(10), p. 81-95
Date: 2010
Abstract: The article discusses the controversial political activities and views, during the 1930s, of Bronys Raila (1909-97), a well-known Lithuanian Nationalist and emigre activist. Although during World War II and subsequently he became famous for his fierce criticism of the Soviet Union and communism and he often emphasized what he held to be the consistency of his ideological views, during the entire decade preceding the first Soviet occupation he did not actually fit into the framework of just one ideology. My research allows one to speak of Raila‘s great ideological swerving during the period indicated (he veered from Communist to radically Nationalist views), a swerving of which he often liked to accuse others during the emigre period. Although in 1931 his views were close to those of the Communists, instead of becoming a full-fledged party member or supporter, Raila in late 1932 severed his ties with the Communists. His change of ideological mind was influenced by the constant criticism that the underground Communist Party leadership leveled against him during 1931 and 1932, and by the special privileges enjoyed by the Lithuanian Nationalist Union, whose member he officially became in 1934 and which offered him an arena to asserts himself as a radio and press personality during the period of its authoritarian rule. Gradually Raila became one of the Nationalists‘ young ideologues. But when the Soviet Union occupied Lithuania in June, 1940, and Raila was ready to renounce his earlier rightwing ideological beliefs and accommodate himself to the new political conditions, he learned that the Soviet regime held him to be a persona non grata. He thereupon left Lithuania.
Appears in Collections:OIKOS: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos 2010, nr. 2(10)

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