International Journal of Psychology: A Biopsychosocial Approach / Tarptautinis psichologijos žurnalas: biopsichosocialinis požiūris 2016, [vol.] 18

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  • Publication
    Components of existential crisis: a theoretical analysis
    [Egzistencinės krizės komponentai: teorinė analizė]
    research article
    Mockus, Antanas
    ;
    Butėnaitė, Joana
    ;
    Sondaitė, Jolanta
    International journal of psychology: a biopsychosocial approach, 2016, [Vol.] 18, p. 9-27
    Research problem: It is important for psychologists and psychotherapists working with people experiencing different difficulties to understand their experiences of existential crisis. A perspective of existential crisis is presented through special experiences connected with finality and infinite. The attempt is made to present a holistic understanding of existential crisis, differentiating the main components and aspects of existential crisis. After such explanations, it is possible to take a comprehensive look at theories and empirical studies of existential crisis. Purpose: To differentiate and analyze the components and aspects of an existential crisis. Method: Theoretical analysis, which includes the comparison and synthesis of scientific literature and the interpretation of data. Results and conclusion: To differentiate the following components of an existential crisis: the emotional, cognitive and behavioral. The emotional component includes these aspects: emotional pain, despair, helplessness, disturbed sense of integrity, emotional vulnerability, guilt, fear, anxiety and loneliness. The cognitive component includes these aspects: loss of meaning and goals, realization of own end, loss of personal values, decision-making. The behavioral component is characterized by these aspects: restraining actions, rituals, relationship loss, health problems, addictions, anti-social behavior and the need for therapy.
      741  531
  • Publication
    Assessing global service-learning: a mixed-methods approach to evaluating students’ intercultural development
    [Pasaulinių kooperuotųjų studijų vertinimas: mišrių metodų būdas vertinant studentų tarpkultūrinę raidą]
    research article
    Tillman, Douglas R.
    ;
    Jones, Stephen W.
    ;
    Hof, David D.
    International journal of psychology: a biopsychosocial approach, 2016, [Vol.] 18, p. 29-50
    Research problem: Global Service-Learning (GSL), as service-learning that takes place outside of an institution’s home culture, has long been touted as an important contributor to student’s intercultural development. However, GSL practitioners have not yet established effective and consistent methods for evaluating the growth that students experience as a result of GSL experiences. Purpose. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of cultural immersion as a service-learning project and to use the Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI) to better understand the changes in student development as a result of this project. Methods. A mixed method approach was used to assess students’ intercultural development, utilizing a functionalist instrument (quantitative), alongside critical-reflection guided student journals and participant observation (qualitative). Results. The results showed that the program accomplished some of its goals, however, the structure of the program was not facilitative (at least short term) of allowing all students to access the learning and transformation which was available for them. Conclusions. In conclusion, the authors note emphasizing participation, critical reflection, and intercultural growth, while also using the interplay between functionalist instruments, student generated reports, and the researcher-as-an-instrument through ethnography seem to be a nat¬ural and helpful contribution to service-learning.
      53  102
  • Publication
    Psychometrics of the readiness to change questionnaire (RCQ): the Lithuanian version
    [Pasirengimo pokyčiams klausimyno psichometriniai rodikliai: lietuviškoji versija]
    research article ; ; ; ;
    Tarptautinis psichologijos žurnalas: biopsichosocialinis požiūris = International journal of psychology: a biopsychosocial approach. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas, 2016, [Nr.] 18, p. 51-69
    It is well known that unhealthy lifestyle is one of the most important risk factors for morbidity and mortality due to cardiac diseases. People who suffered or are suffering from heart related problems usually undertake cardiac rehabilitation procedures which help them improve their health and make lifestyle changes. So it is important to have a valid, short, clear measure of readiness to change health behavior in the native (Lithuanian) language as change in lifestyle can be a problematic field in rehabilitation of cardiac patients in Lithuania. According to the results of national study, smoking, unhealthy diet, low physical activity, overweight and risky alcohol consumption persist as actual problem among Lithuanian adults nowadays. The aim of this analysis is to examine psychometric properties of the “Readiness to change questionnaire” (RCQ, Rollnick et al., 1992) among cardiac rehabilitation patients. Methods: The internal consistency, test-retest reliability, concurrent validity and factor structure of the RCQ was examined for 59 cardiac patients aged between 35 and 70 years (Mean = 55.68, SD = 8.62). The questionnaires for alcohol consumption, smoking, physical activity and diet were completed at the beginning and end of rehabilitation. Results: Cronbach’s alpha coefficients of the RCQ showed poor to good internal consistency (0.51–0.87) and test-retest reliability Pearson’s correlations ranged from 0.31 to 0.84. Concurrent validity is supported for the stages of alcohol consumption and diet. An exploratory factor analysis of the RCQ indicated the three-factor solution for readiness to change alcohol consumption and diet data best. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that models demonstrate approximate data–model fit. Conclusions: The Lithuanian version of the RCQ is a reliable measure for group testing. [...]
      173  171
  • Publication
    Career construction in academic setting: links between career adaptability and study engagement
    [Karjeros konstravimas akademinėje aplinkoje: sąsajos tarp karjeros adaptyvumo ir įsitraukimo į studijas]
    research article
    Bandzevičienė, Rita
    ;
    Paradnikė, Kristina
    International journal of psychology: a biopsychosocial approach, 2016, [Vol.] 18, p. 71-88
    Background: Scholars are highlighting the importance of adaptive career behaviors and resources that people could employ in directing their own career development across the lifespan. New constructs emerge with the intention to help the individuals to manage their careers. One of the most promising constructs is career adaptability, which includes such resources as concern, control, curiosity, and confidence. This study attempts to link those resources and study engagement. Engagement has been previously employed as an indicator of occupational well-being of both employees and students. Moreover, study engagement is considered to be adaptation result by some authors. Possibly, study engagement might be one of many positive career-related outcomes linked to career adaptability. Purpose: The purpose of the study is to analyze the links between college students’ career adaptability and study engagement. Method: the sample consisted of 273 college students (Mage = 20.71, SDage = 2.89). Career Adapt-Abilities Scale-Short Form (CAAS-SF; Maggiori et al., 2015), the short version of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale – student version (UWES-S-9; Schaufeli et al., 2002; Schaufeli et al., 2006) and a questionnaire for demographic variables were used in the study. Results: Career adaptability resources, namely, concern, control, curiosity, and confidence, were linked to study engagement expressed as vigor, dedication and absorption. Concern and confidence were the only significant predictors of study engagement dimensions. Conclusion: The results support the importance of career adaptability resources for college students’ engagement.
      135  182
  • Publication
    School counselor preparedness for working with students &chronic illness: insights and applications from a service learning experience in Southern Africa
    [Mokyklos patarėjų pasirengimas darbui su mokiniais ir lėtinėmis ligomis: įžvalgos ir pritaikymas remiantis kooperuotų studijų patirtimi Pietų Afrikoje]
    research article
    Davis, Eric
    International journal of psychology: a biopsychosocial approach, 2016, [Vol.] 18, p. 89-104
    Background. The American School Counselor Association suggests school counselors be prepared to deal with myriad forms of trauma in the school community. Included among these forms of trauma are students and families dealing with chronic illness. Despite this suggestion coupled with the increased rates of chronic illness among children, many school counselors may not be prepared to handle such issues due to lack of training, professional development, or culturally diverse experiences. Purpose, method. The author reviews the literature on chronic illness and school counselor preparation. To further explore this area of need, the author participated in a service learning experience in southern Africa. Results, discussion. The information and experiences are explored with discussion of insights and applications that can be utilized to address school counseling needs related to working with students and chronic illness in the United States.
      29  80