OIKOS: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos 2011, nr. 1(11)

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  • Publication
    ES migracijos politika : nuo bendros politikos iki interesų konflikto
    [EU migration policy: from a common policy to a conflict of interests]
    research article
    Oikos: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos. Vilnius : Versus Aureus, 2011, nr. 1 (11), p. 9-22
    At the end of the 20th century much increased levels of migration and their influence on many European Union (EU) member states created the need to devise a common EU migration policy. Paradoxically, the main impediment to reaching this goal became the national state itself. This article aims to discuss the needs and tendencies of EU migration policy. After a review of the dominant theoretical approaches and a highlighting of their principal elements, a model of theoretical analysis is presented for the purpose of explaining the policy’s formation. The model identifies the most important factors and their influence on the development of EU migration policy. The direction in which the latter is headed is observed by paying close attention to the tension between the EU (and the institutions defending its common purpose) and a state that defends its national interests. At the same time an answer is attempted to the question of why looking for the denominator of a common EU policy is such an exceedingly difficult task.
      72  111
  • Publication
    Lietuvos ir Latvijos imigracijos politikos lyginamoji analizė
    [A comparative analysis of Lithuanian and Latvian immigration policy]
    research article
    Oikos: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos. Vilnius : Versus Aureus, 2011, nr. 1 (11), p. 23-42
    The paper aims to reveal the decisive factors and presumptions of Lithuania’s and Latvia’s immigration policy formation. The theoretical model is constructed by using immigration policy theories, presumptions and strategies, possible models of incorporation, role of social actors, and influence of social (non)security. Based on this theoretical model an analysis of Lithuania’s and Latvia’s immigration policy was attempted. The target group of this article is not citizens of EU countries, but integration processes which are connected with, or involved in, the conception of immigration policy. The historically created genesis of society (homogeneous and formed on ethnocentric basis) and presumptions of identity formation affect the formation of a strict immigration policy in Latvia and Lithuania, in order to ensure the social security of society and to maintain ethnic and cultural identity. Temporary immigration policy is institutionalized by realizing statutes of circular immigration policy. In this way the probability of constant immigration is reduced by trying to protect the homogeneity and social security of society. Integration of newly-arrived immigrants is not implemented in Lithuania and Latvia, as the only political and practical means indicated by the European Fund for the Integration of Third-country Nationals.
      140  107
  • Publication
    Lietuviai svetur : emigracija šių dienų Lietuvos spaudoje
    [Lithuanians abroad: emigration in today's press of Lithuania]
    research article
    Oikos: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos. Vilnius : Versus Aureus, 2011, nr. 1 (11), p. 43-54
    The paper aims at revealing how emigration is viewed in four Lithuanian newspapers, with the focus on thematic distribution and the content of the relevant texts, the dominant metaphors of emigration as well as the typical contexts of the lexeme lietuvis. Some differences in theme preference and the highlighting of different aspects of emigration are observed: in alfa.lt and lrytas.lt emigrants arc portrayed primarily as a social threat due to their negative impact on the job market and criminal behaviour, whilebernardinai.lt and dclli.lt focus on the activities of Lithuanian communities and their wish to preserve national identity. 'Ihe lexeme lietuvis is more frequently used in the plural form (lietuviai), usually encountered in positive or neutral contexts, while the singular form is typically associated with the negative. The intensity of today's emigration is revealed through the metaphor of a powerful tidal force, threatening and difficult to control.
      117  117
  • Publication
    Raktas į lietuvybės tęstinumą išeivijoje : diskusijos Kanados lietuvių savaitraštyje „Tėviškės žiburiai“ XX a. 7 dešimtmetį
    [The key to the continuity of Lithuania identity in exile: discussions in Canada„s Lithuanian weekly “Tėviškės žiburiai“ in the 1960s]
    research article
    Oikos: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos. Vilnius : Versus Aureus, 2011, nr. 1 (11), p. 55-66
    A concern with preserving Lithuanianism in the diaspora compels constant reflection on the lessons that Lithuanian history and culture might teach the younger generation. This problem is more acute in the diaspora because the gap separating young and old is measured in a community’s denationalization and disappearance. Questions such as Who am I?, Why am I what I am?, and Why do I have to be this way? become the main objects of contention between the generations. The article analyzes what some Lithuanians who settled in Canada after World War II thought about inter-generational relations as reflected in discussions that took place in the 1960s on the future of the Lithuanian community and the maintenance of a Lithuanian identity among youth. The main source of information is the weekly newspaper Tėviškės žiburiai (and its youth section Jaunimo žiburiai) published from 1949 onwards in Toronto, Missisauga, by the Lithuanian Canadian Catholic society Žiburiai.
      24  103
  • Publication
    Kubos lietuviai ir garbės konsulato idėja Lietuvos diplomatiniuose dokumentuose XX a. 4 dešimtmetį
    [Lithuanians in cuba and the idea of an honorary ionsulate-general in lithuanian diplomatic jhicumentsofthe 1930s]
    research article
    Oikos : lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos. , Nr. 1 (11) (2011), P. 67-75
    The search for an honorary consul acceptable to both the Lithuanian and Cu¬ban governments also took a long time. This process was slowed down by the Lithuanian government's wish that the honorary consul support a Lithuanian secretary out of his own funds. The onset of World War II and Lithuania's occupation by the Soviet Union quashed any hopes of establishing a consulate and put an end to incipient economic relations with Cuba.
      98  80