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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis kitose duomenų bazėse / Article in other databases (S4)
Field of Science: Istorija ir archeologija / History and archaeology (H005)
Author(s): Balandis, Egidijus
Title: Sporto herojaus funkcija JAV lietuvių visuomenėje: Jack Sharkey-Žukausko atvejis 1926–1936 m
Other Title: A sports hero’s role in Lithuanian-American society: the case of Jack Sharkey-Žukauskas (1926–1936)
Is part of: Oikos: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos. Vilnius : Versus Aureus, 2014, nr. 2 (18)
Extent: p. 86-100
Date: 2014
Keywords: Sharkey-Žukauskas Jack;Žukauskas Juozas;1926–1936 m;JAV lietuviai;Bokso pasiekimai;Lithuanian community;U.S. Lithuanians;Sharkey Jack;1926–1936;Sports hero
Abstract: On the basis of historiography and articles in Lithuanian-American periodicals from 1926 to 1936 we attempt to explain what social function Jack Sharkey’s achievements served, how this sports hero’s portrait was constructed and exploited, and how this affected the daily life and leisure time activities of U. S. Lithuanians. Jack Sharkey-Žukauskas became a factor in drawing Lithuanians together: his Lithuanian fans went to see his fights in organized groups; gathered around radio receivers to catch broadcasts of the matches; and held banquets in his honor. These events displayed various elements of formal and informal communication that allowed overcoming inner Lithuanian community barriers and contributed to uniting it. Some Lithuanian ideological groups attempted to use his achievements as a means of social engineering by portraying him as personifying the views and ideals of a certain ideology to be recommended as an example for young people to follow. The Socialists opposed this while the Communists took a dim view of professional sports altogether. The fights of this boxer stimulated a desire to gamble. Various descriptions of betting in the press tend to show that it wasn’t the possibility of getting richer that motivated most Lithuanian bettors: they simply were happy to have found a hero they could trust and who could give them a feeling of being temporarily in control of the situation in an uncertain world. It was probably due to the history of Lithuanian- Irish relations in the U. S. that fights with boxers of Irish descent were matters of principle attended by constant mistrust of Irish designs and influences in the boxing bureaucracy, incessant gambling, disputes, and conflicts, often ending with brawls in taverns
Affiliation(s): Istorijos katedra
Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Appears in Collections:OIKOS: lietuvių migracijos ir diasporos studijos 2014, nr. 2(18)
Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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