International Journal of Psychology: A Biopsychosocial Approach / Tarptautinis psichologijos žurnalas: biopsichosocialinis požiūris 2010, [vol.] 6

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  • Publication
    Savivertės reikšmė suaugusiojo prieraišumo ir depresiškumo sąsajoms
    [The influence of self-esteem on adult attachment and depressiveness interaction]
    research article ;
    Tarptautinis psichologijos žurnalas: biopsichosocialinis požiūris = International Journal of Psychology: A Biopsychosocial Approach. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 6 (2010), p. 9-27
    Recently there has been more and more research examining adult attachment. It is important to notice that secure attachment is likely to be some kind of prevention of psychopathology and insecure attachment has increasingly been utilized as a powerful explanatory model for psychopathology. However, recently there is more research on the associations between attachment styles and depression to investigate related potential mediation in order to increase our understanding of the underlying processes involved. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of self-esteem on adult attachment and the interaction of depressiveness. The subjects of the study were 139 men and women (97 (69.8 %) women and 42 (30.2 %) men). The mean age of the subjects was 39.58±10.97. Method. These methods were used for investigation: Multi – Item Measure of Adult Attachment or The Experiences in Close Relationships scale (ECR) (Brennan et al., 1998); Zung depression inventory, (Zung et al., 1965); and The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965). Results. The results of this study showed that most participants are disorganized attached 33.1 %, dismissing type – 26.6 %, and finally, save and preoccupied types – 20.1 %. The results also show that the individuals with the lowest self-esteem are the disordered attached participants. The most depressed are disordered attached and those who have low self-esteem. We have found that self esteem has an influence on depressiveness and attachment bonds. Self esteem explains 34.7 % of depressiveness and attachment connection. Conclusion. The results of the study showed that save attached subjects are least depressed and have higher self esteem. Self-esteem of subjects is mediator of attachment and depressiveness connection.
      221  337
  • Publication
    Test-retest reliability of vocabulary matching in sixth-grade world history
    [Žodyno atitikmenų užduoties testo – retesto patikimumas vertinant pasaulio istorijos žinių progresą šeštoje klasėje]
    research article
    Mooney, Paul
    ;
    Schraven, Jodie
    ;
    Cox, Ben
    International journal of psychology: a biopsychosocial approach, 2010, [Vol.] 6, p. 29-40
    Background. The present study was designed to extend reliability research on a content-area curriculum-based measurement tool known as vocabulary matching. Purpose. Test-retest reliability of vocabulary matching was evaluated with a diverse sample of 39 sixth-grade students from a rural middle school in the southeastern United States. Material and Methods. Students were administered the same five-minute probe on two separate occasions with five instructional days between administrations. Results. A correlation of r = .91 (95 % confidence intervals = .83, .95) was determined, providing evidence of stability for the content-area progress-monitoring tool. Conclusions. Findings add to a growing body of technical adequacy research supporting vocabulary-matching’s utility in measuring performance and progress in contentarea courses. Research implications and future directions are discussed.
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  • Publication
    Nuo alkoholio priklausomų asmenų savęs vertinimas ir jo kaita sveikstant
    [Peculiarities of persons’ with alcoholism self-esteem and it’s changes during treatment]
    research article ; ;
    Tarptautinis psichologijos žurnalas: biopsichosocialinis požiūris = International journal of psychology: a biopsychosocial approach. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 6 (2010), p. 41-55
    Self-esteem is related to many fields of life and with dependence upon alcohol. Positive self-esteem can be a protector which functions to prevent dependence. For this reason it is important to look for changes in self-esteem during treatment. Self-esteem of alcoholic individuals was described as being self critical, ambivalent, and inadequate in the view of the literature. However, not all these characteristics interrelate with alcohol dependence equally. The goal of this thesis is to assess the self-esteem of persons with alcoholism and its change during treatment. Method. Thirty alcoholic Minnesota Model individuals on intake and discharge at the Addiction Centre completed two self-esteem scales: Dembo-Rubinstein (Rubinstein, 2004) and self-evaluation method of Gostautas, Pakula, Grineviciene (1988). Research was performed on January-March in 2009. Results. General self-esteem level of persons with alcoholism increased during the Minnesota Model program. There was no significant relationship between self-esteem, gender, intelligence, marital status or occupation. Conclusion. The longer the dependence upon alcohol the lower the self-confidence assessment in the beginning of treatment in the Minnesota Model program.
      131  122
  • Publication
    Assessing the incidence rates of substance use disorders among those with antisocial and borderline personality disorders in rural settings
    [Kaimo vietovėse gyvenančių asmenų, kuriems diagnozuotas asocialaus arba ribinio tipo asmenybės sutrikimas, probleminis narkotinių medžiagų vartojimas]
    research article
    Chávez, Jacob X.
    ;
    Dinsmore, Julie A.
    ;
    Hof, David D.
    International journal of psychology: a biopsychosocial approach, 2010, [Vol.] 6, p. 57-66
    Background. Studies regarding the correlation between Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) diagnoses and Substance Use Disorders (SUDs) have focused on substances used (Chapman, Cellucci, 2007; Skodol, Oldham, Gallaher, 1999; Trull, Waudby, Sher, 2004; Sher, Trull, 2002), or behaviors that predict a SUD. Few studies have addressed the rates of cannabis and amphetamine abuse (Skodol, et al. 1999; Regier, et al. 1990), involved inpatient psychiatric populations (Trull, et al. 2004; Rounsaville, et al., 1998), or focused on rural populations. Purpose. This study compares ASPD and BPD diagnoses and abuse rates, including amphetamine and cannabis use, in a rural setting. Methods and Results. Archival data on diagnosis and abuse rates were compared for patients in an R an inpatient psychiatric facility in a rural community in the United States diagnosed with BPD or ASPD. Use rates were significantly higher for the ASPD group than the BPD group for all substances, with over half with ASPD (54.76 %) abusing cannabis compared with about 20 % (19.77 %) of those with BPD. Almost one third (30.95 %) with ASPD abused amphetamines compared to 13.56 % of those with BPD. The incidence of alcohol use in the ASPD group was three times higher than in previous studies on non-rural populations. Conclusions. Practitioners in rural settings should assess for both cannabis and amphetamine use as they often accompany alcohol use. A psycho-educational focus on preventing future SUDs for ASPD individuals who are not currently co-morbidly diagnosed may be indicated.
      110  241
  • Publication
    Ryšių tarp psichinio atsparumo ir palaikančios socialinės aplinkos (mokykloje, namuose) tyrimas 5–7 ir 8–10 klasių mokinių grupėse
    [Research of associations between resilience and supporting social environment at school and home in 5-7 and 8-10 grade students groups]
    research article
    Griciūtė, Aušra
    International journal of psychology: a biopsychosocial approach, 2010, [Vol.] 6, p. 67-83
    Ryšių tarp psichinio atsparumo ir palaikančios socialinės aplinkos (mokykloje, namuose) tyrimas 5–7 ir 8–10 klasių mokinių grupėse Problema. Siekiant geriau suprasti paauglių psichinio atsparumo formavimosi procesą išorinės aplinkos poveikio kontekste, šiame tyrime analizuojamas ir lyginamas paauglių psichinio atsparumo ryšys su palaikančios socialinės aplinkos mokykloje ir namuose įvertinimais. Pagrindinis tyrimo tikslas – aprašyti ryšio tarp psichinio atsparumo ir palaikančios socialinės aplinkos (mokykloje, namuose) ypatumus 5–7 ir 8–10 klasių mokinių grupėse. Metodikos. Psichinio atsparumo skalė paaugliams (Resilience Scale for adolescents READ, O. Hjemdal). Pagal skalę įvertinamas bendras psichinio atsparumo ir penkių veiksnių raiškos lygis: asmeninės kompetencijos, socialinės kompetencijos, struktūravimo stiliaus, socialinių resursų, šeimos sutelktumo. Palaikančios socia linės aplinkos skalė (PSAS), susidedanti iš dviejų subskalių, skirtų palaikančiai socialinei aplinkai mokykloje (PSA-M) ir namuose (PSA-N) įvertinti. Socialinės-demografinės mokinių charakteristikos. Tyrimas atliktas 2008 m. birželio mėnesį trijose Kauno miesto mokyklose. Statistinei analizei panaudoti 255 (129 merginų, 126 vaikinų) mokinių atsakymai: 5–7 klasių (n=122) ir 8–10 klasių (n=133). Rezultatai, išvados. Nustatyta, kad 5–7 ir 8–10 klasių mokiniai, gyvenantys labiau palaikančioje socialinėje aplinkoje, pasižymi didesniu psichiniu atsparumu, bet 8–10 klasių mokinių grupėje ryšiai tarp psichinio atsparumo ir palaikančios socialinės aplinkos įvertinimų yra stipresni, palyginti su atitinkamais ryšiais 5–7 klasių mokinių grupėje. Pagal palaikančios socialinės aplinkos įverčius (PSAS, PSA-M, PSA-N) galima prognozuoti 5–7 ir 8–10 klasių mokinių psichinį atsparumą ir atskirus psichinio atsparumo veiksnius. PSA-N ryšys su 5–7 ir 8–10 klasių mokinių bendru psichinio atsparumo įvertinimu yra stipresnis, palyginti su atitinkamu ryšiu tarp PSA-M ir psichinio atsparumo. Tyrimo metu gauti duomenys padės geriau suprasti paauglių psichinio atsparumo formavimosi procesą pagal artimiausią palaikančią socialinę aplinką bei gali būti pritaikomi rengiant prevencines programas.
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