International Journal of Psychology: A Biopsychosocial Approach / Tarptautinis psichologijos žurnalas: biopsichosocialinis požiūris 2011, [vol.] 8

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  • Publication
    Universiteto studentų stresogeninių situacijų įveikos strategijų struktūra
    [Connections between stress coping and depressed mood in students sample]
    research article ; ;
    Tarptautinis psichologijos žurnalas: biopsichosocialinis požiūris = International Journal of Psychology: A Biopsychosocial Approach. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 8 (2011), p. 9-28
    Di/erent authors di/erently classify stress coping strategies. Moreover structure of stress coping strategies depends on cultural background. It can be assumed that in the context of academic stress structure stress coping strategies in students sample may di/er. It is important to ascertain the structure of stress coping strategies in university students of Lithuania. The purpose of the study is to ascertain the structure of students’ stress coping strategies and compare stress coping strategies in male and female students. Material and methods. The study was conducted in the beginning of the semester. The study involved 849 (154*male, 695*female) students from Vytautas Magnus University. Students aged from 18 to 44*years (20.4*±*2.5). Stress coping was measured by Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS) and Coping Orientations of Problem Experience (COPE). Results and conclusions. CISS and COPE questionnaires were factorized. Factor analysis revealed 8*factors interpreted as problem-oriented coping, venting of emotions, seeking for social support, self-distraction, denial, religious coping, substance use and acceptance. Ascertained stress coping strategies have adequate reliability. Cronbach alpha ranged from 0.55 (acceptance) to 0.91 (problem-oriented coping, religious coping, substance abuse). Female students more often use stress coping strategies of venting of emotions, social support, self-distraction. Male students more often use such stress coping strategies as denial, substance abuse and acceptance.
      145  94
  • Publication
    Comparing perceived importance and performance of infant mental health services as rated by graduate students in the United States and Lithuania
    [JAV ir Lietuvos studentų suvokiamos kūdikių psichikos sveikatos paslaugų svarbos palyginimas]
    research article
    Bendickson, Kyndra
    ;
    Beckman, Tammi Ohmstede
    ;
    McFarland, Max
    International journal of psychology: a biopsychosocial approach, 2011, [Vol.] 8, p. 29-40
    The goal of providing early intervention services is to decrease costs to society by decreasing the need for special services in school and beyond (Carpenter, 2007; Jacob, Hartshorne, 2007). Purpose. The purpose of this study was to compare the perceived importance of infant mental health services and the perceived performance of these services as provided in the United States and Lithuania. Material and methods. A questionnaire was created by the researcher and comparisons were made for importance and performance as rated by Lithuanian students as compared to that rated by students and practitioners in the United States. Results. Results indicated that both Lithuanian and American respondents rated significant differences between importance and performance of services. When groups were compared, Lithuanian students rated “services provided in the appropriate environment” significantly higher in importance than American respondents. American students and practitioners rated “services being coordinated by a single agency” as being performed signifiantly better than Lithuanian students’ ratings. Conclusion. This study brings awareness to the international differences that exist when providing early intervention services to students.
      20  26
  • Publication
    Išnešiotų trijų–keturių mėnesių kūdikių žindymą po gimimo prognozuojantys veiksniai
    [Predictors of the full -term infants’ breast-feeding at the third -fourth month after birth]
    research article
    Žemaitienė, Nida
    ;
    Jusienė, Roma
    ;
    Markūnienė, Eglė
    ;
    Breidokienė, Rima
    ;
    Širvinskienė, Giedrė
    International journal of psychology: a biopsychosocial approach, 2011, [Vol.] 8, p. 41-66
    Įvairūs tarptautiniai tyrimai rodo, kad žindymas teigiamai veikia kūdikio sveikatą ir raidą, motinos sveikatą, motinos ir kūdikio ryšį. Pasaulinė sveikatos organizacija rekomenduoja išimtinį kūdikio žindymą iki šešių mėnesių amžiaus. Šio tyrimo tikslas yra ištirti sociodemografinius, biomedicinius ir psichologinius veiksnius, susijusius su trijų–keturių mėnesių kūdikių maitinimo būdu, ir atskleisti, kurie iš jų didina tikimybę, jog kūdikis bus žindomas. Metodika. Tyrime dalyvavo 223 moterys, pagimdžiusios išnešiotus naujagimius Kauno medicinos universiteto klinikose. Psichologinis vertinimas vyko 2-3 dieną po gimdymo ir praėjus 3–4 mėnesiams po gimdymo. Pirmojo vertinimo metu tyrimo dalyvės pateikė informaciją apie patirtus stresinius įvykius, savijautą ir santykius su sutuoktiniu / partneriu nėštumo metu. Antrojo vertinimo metu tyrimo dalyvės teikė informaciją apie kūdikio maitinimo būdą, patirtus stresinius įvykius, savijautą ir santykius su sutuoktiniu / partneriu per tris mėnesius po gimdymo. Abiejų vertinimų metu jos apibūdino savo emocinę būseną pagal Edinburgo postnatalinės depresijos skalę. Be to, buvo analizuojama medicinos personalo pateikta informacija apie gimdymo būdą ir aplinkybes, naujagimio svorį ir funkcionavimą pagal Apgar skalę. Tyrimo rezultatai parodė, kad išimtinai žindančios motinos yra aukštesnio išsilavinimo, gyvenančios registruotoje santuokoje ir rečiau rūkančios nėštumo metu. Mišriai maitinančios kūdikius motinos yra rečiau laimingos ir teigia patiriančios daugiau streso pogimdyminiu laikotarpiu, taip pat pasižymėjo didesniais depresiškumo įverčiais ankstyvuoju pogimdyminiu laikotarpiu. Su didesne tikimybe išimtinai žindyti kūdikį yra susijęs ir motinos laimingumas praėjus 3–4 mėnesiams po gimdymo. Daugiaveiksnė logistinė regresija parodė, kad svarbiausi reikšmingi veiksniai, prognozuojantys išimtinį žindymą, yra gimdymas natūraliais takais ir vyresnis motinos amžius. Išvados. Lyginant su dirbtiniu maitinimu, daugiausiai galimybių žindyti savo kūdikį turi natūraliais takais pagimdžiusios ir vyresnės motinos, tuo tarpu psichologiniai veiksniai neturi nepriklausomos reikšmingos įtakos 3–4 mėnesių kūdikio maitinimo būdui.
      175  132
  • Publication
    The relationship between college students’ resilience level and type of alcohol use
    [Studentų atsparumo lygmens ir alkoholio vartojimo ypatumų sąsajos]
    research article
    Johnson, Nicole
    ;
    Dinsmore, Julie A.
    ;
    Hof, David D.
    International journal of psychology: a biopsychosocial approach, 2011, [Vol.] 8, p. 67-82
    Outcome research regarding the level of college student alcohol use (Johnston, O’Malley, Bachman, 2002; Engs, Hanson, 1999; Hersh, Hussong, 2006; Knight et al., 2002) suggests that these studies may mask a more complex relationship between different levels of alcohol use and the psychosocial characteristics of the user. However, there have been few studies that have explored the relationship between level of use and particular psychosocial traits (White, Jamieson-Drake, Swartzwelder, 2002). Purpose. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship in a college student population between the psychological trait of resilience and the following five different levels of alcohol use: binge drinking, heavy drinking, moderate drinking, light drinking, and abstinence from drinking. Material and methods. Responses by a sample of 88 male and female volunteer college students on the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (Connor, Davidson, 2003) and a researcher-developed survey of alcohol use were compared to determine the relationship between resilience level and alcohol consumption level. Results. A significant negative correlation was found between resilience level and alcohol consumption level. Female mean resiliency scores (M = 73.56) were significantly lower than male mean resiliency scores (M = 77.84). One-half of students were abstainers and one-fourth rated themselves to be heavy or binge drinkers. Results would suggest that students who drink struggle to moderate their alcohol consumption and that college personnel can use resilience factors as a framework to design both preventative and intervention services, with special focus on building resilience factors in the female population.
      296  59
  • Publication
    Progresuojančios raumenų relaksacijos ir relaksacijos su klasikine muzika galimybės mažinti psichofiziologinę itampą
    [Possibilities of progressive muscle relaxation and relaxation with classical music in reducing psycho-physiological stress]
    research article ; ;
    Bukauskaitė, Indrė
    Tarptautinis psichologijos žurnalas: biopsichosocialinis požiūris = International Journal of Psychology: A Biopsychosocial Approach. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 8 (2011), p. 83-97
    Research *ndings indicate that psychological tension may lead to various somatic and mental health problems or hamper psychological well-being of an individual. Therefore relaxation methods may serve as a tool for reducing psychophysiological tension and increasing biopsychosocial functioning. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the potential of progressive muscle relaxation and relaxation with classical music in reducing female student psycho-physiological tension (anxiety, anger, blood pressure). Material and methods. The level of anxiety was assessed by the Spielberger State Anxiety Inventory. The level of anger was assessed by Anger State subscale from The State-Trait Anger Expression Scale. 70+female students aged 18 through 31 took part in the study. Results and conclusions. The study revealed that a single progressive muscle relaxation session reduces levels of anxiety and anger, while relaxation with classical music reduces anxiety, anger, and systolic blood pressure levels. Relaxation with classical music sessions had a long-term anger and diastolic blood pressure reduction ePect, and no such ePect was observed in case of progressive muscle relaxation sessions.
      155  359