Darbai ir dienos / Deeds and Days 2013, nr. 60

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Leidybą rėmė Europos socialinis fondas / Publication sponsored by European Social Fund
  1. Viršelis / Cover
  2. Informacija apie Darbai ir dienos / Information about Deeds and Days 2013, nr. 60
  3. https://doi.org/10.7220/2335-8769.60

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  • Publication
    Nepaprastos istorijos
    [Extraordinary histories]
    research article
    Aleksandravičius, Egidijus
    Darbai ir dienos, 2013, nr. 60, p. 7-8
      26  27
  • Publication
    Maxo Schelerio požiūris į pasipiktinimą ir pavydą
    [Resentment and envy from the standpoint of Max Scheler]
    research article
    Darbai ir dienos. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 60 (2013), p. 9-22
    The article analyses the emotional mechanism of resentment, which springs up from interpersonal alienation. The source of it is the phenomenon of annoying envy. This annoying envy together with other negative emotions causes an overthrow of values (Werteumsturz). For this reason people gripped by anger fail to appreciate and push out of sight the positive values of love, self-cognition, and self-control that foster harmony. This gives rise to negative social phenomena, including an exaggerated interest in the Kedys crime story, the powerlessness of judicial agencies in the case of Viktor Uspaskich, and their hesitation to reach a final verdict. Resentment reveals the connection between the nation’s social problems and changes in values. Unemployment and structural problems of emigration only intensify the negative emotions of fear, anger, and envy. Resentment also negatively affects emotional relations among persons; it also influences creative impulses and forms of inferiority complex. An antidote to resentment is self-knowledge, which makes a person given over to anger aware of positive spiritual values.
      48  65
  • Publication
    Politinė lietuvių veikla Rusijoje 1917 metais
    [Political activities of Lithuanians in Russia in 1917]
    research article
    Grigaravičius, Algirdas
    Darbai ir dienos, 2013, nr. 60, p. 23-72
    In 1917, because of ideological conflicts the majority of Lithuanian activists found themselves in Russia, but there they had to reorient themselves toward thinking about the future of Lithuania in more concrete terms as well as to draw the many refugees there (including women who had participated in the elections, held according to a proportional system, to the Petrapilis Assembly) into politics during the period of democracy. The Lithuanian Assembly at Petrapilis on June 3, 1917, adopted a resolution on Lithuanian independence based on a proposal submitted by the National Progress Party (Augustinas Voldemaras, Liudas Noreika), a proposal that evinced a conservative attitude of creating the state “from above.” The proposal to limit the Constituent Assembly‘s powers in the name of neutrality did not satisfy those on the political left, and the Petrapilis Assembly split. To Lithuanians in Russia, the year 1917 afforded opportunities of political participation and becoming involved in political activism. This process helped masses of war refugees and former deportees to prepare for life in an independent Lithuanian state. However, because of the strict ideologies of party leaders and the differences among political orientations it was impossible to reach a compromise consensus on Lithuania‘s future. Once independent the Lithuanian state was also negatively impacted by military interference in politics. It is well-known that differences in worldviews cause strong disagreements and confrontations in the course of solving major issues of state life, something Lithuanians were forced to endure during the parliamentary period.
      250  141
  • Publication
    The unity of national history in contemporary Lithuanian historiography : a study on cognitive processes
    [Valstybės istorijos vienybė šiuolaikinėje Lietuvos istoriografijoje: studija apie kognityvinius procesus]
    research article
    Darbai ir dienos. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 60 (2013), p. 75-101
    This article investigates the relation between language and cognitive processes in the contemporary Lithuanian historiography. An attempt is made to distinguish the prejudices (using Gadamer’s terminology) or framing structures (Heidegger’s fore-structures) influencing the cognitive processes involved in the translation of noetic acts and memories into communicative acts. Basing on Bergson’s representation of the relation between conscience, memory and action (in this case intended as history-writing) we investigate how the unity in the national history (the continuity in the history of contemporary political entity) is construed. In the second part of the article, a number of historiographical works are analysed in order to put to test and revise the theoretical premises. Notably, while supposedly time and space are two of the most important framing structures, in Lithuanian historiography dealing with national history space is rather a concept selected and defined by that of time – not a fore-structure. In turn, historical time seems not to be a metaphor of the experienced one – it usually refers to already linguistically formulated concepts. This is evident when scholars renounce every ‘signifier’ directly connected to a ‘signified’ (terms directly referring to language, borders, geographical elements, administrative divisions) preferring already linguistically construed ‘meanings’ (nation, identity, culture) when formulating historical problems. The possibility to frame space in time and time in language permits to construe the unity of national history. The unity in the national history is attained by exploiting the polysemy of certain expressions and figures of speech. Moreover, in order to construe the unity in the national history, scholars tend to exclude the referents even from the definitions of framing structures such as space and time. [...]
      38  47
  • Publication
    The Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the historical region : the search for new coordinates in post-Soviet Lithuanian historiography
    [Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė ir istorinis regionas: naujų koordinačių paieška posovietinės Lietuvos istoriografijoje]
    research article
    Darbai ir dienos. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 60 (2013), p. 103-116
    This article focuses on the work of the researchers of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania who were among the first to join the regional discussions and attempt to find a place for the historical Lithuania between the East and the West. The questions discussed are related to the national interests of the researchers: to define the position of Lithuania in a specific historical region basing their judgements on the openly declared public, political and cultural motives. In order to model the region and the place of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the work applies the strategies of historical analysis such as interpretative models, argumentation, and theoretical grounding.
      45  50