Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai / Social Work. Experience and Methods 2008, nr. 1(1)

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  • Publication
    Buvusių nuteistųjų socialinės reintegracijos būklė ir gairės
    [Conditions and trends of reintegration of former convicts]
    research article
    Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai = Social work. Experience and methods. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla., 1(1) 2008, p. 53-70
    What are the factors of social integration and employment of former convicts? How these factors are evaluated by employers, correction inspectorates and specialists (psychologists, consultants), the former convicts themselves, their close people and random citizens? Which factors are considered as more efficient and which are considered as less efficient? What are the main trends and assumptions of employment and social integration of former convicts? Which means may help to the participants of social integration to understand the reality, new opportunities of the idea of empowerment, to develop new initiatives? These research questions are analysed in this article. The research revealed the trends of social reintegration of former convicts, the potential initiatives and activities seeking for successful social integration of former convicts. The written survey was performed (N=260). Employers, former convicts, close people of a former convict, specialists consultants, the specialists of correction inspectorate were questioned. The 9 factors of employment and social integration and the indicators of their contents were analyzed: Family support to former convicts; Training/learning of general and vocational skills of former convicts; Motivation, efforts to integrate of former convicts; Dialogue of all participants; Information of all participants; Involvement of employers; Self-confidence of a former convict; Confidence in a former convict; Self-assistance and self-organisation of former convicts and their families, close people.[...].
      72  79
  • Publication
    Savanoriška veikla socialinio darbo studijoje
    [Volunteer work in social work studies]
    research article ;
    Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai = Social work. Experience and methods. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla., 1(1) 2008, p. 147-159
    Voluntary work takes very important place in answering personal and social needs. Voluntary work gives opportunity for social work students to become acquainted within profession, to get skills, develop personality. Volunteer participates in solving community’s problems as well as in self-help process. Today different groups are working in this manner. Older persons share knowledge and time while school children and youth expect getting experience, skills or to take time for choosing profession. Methods: literature analysis, students’ inquiry and data analysis bachelor degree paper’s analysis. Conclusions: volunteer work can be as a form of employment characterized by personal motivation, free will obligation as well as by giving possibilities for personality development. Volunteer work during social work studies allows testing a choice of profession and deepening understanding of social work as such. It widens personal knowledge as well as individualizes learning process. Usually volunteer work is understood as unpaid aid for persons in need. On the other side people can keep it as waste of time. However, the main motive for working voluntaryly is desire to help others.
      377  445
  • Publication
    Nepilnamečių nusikalstamumo prevencijos galimybės Lietuvoje
    [The possibilities for prevention against youth delinquency in Lithuania]
    research article ;
    Kuksėnaitė, Aida
    Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai = Social work. Experience and methods. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla., 1(1) 2008, p. 35-52
    In this article we made an attempt to analyze the situation in Lithuania and experience of foreign countries in the juvenile crime prevention. Analysis of literature and experiences helped to formulate suggestions for juvenile crime prevention system in Lithuania. It is very important to take count of family factor when creating the juvenile crime prevention system. Family situation analysis allows to spot early reasons that influence the child involvement in criminal act.
      119  79
  • Publication
    Pagalbos ypatumai vaikams, išgyvenantiems sunkumus, kai jų tėvai yra išvažiavę dirbti į užsienį
    [Peculiarities of help to children experiencing difficulties when their parents work abroad]
    research article
    Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai = Social work. Experience and methods. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla., 1(1) 2008, p. 129-145
    The article introduces and analyses the peculiarities of help to children experiencing separation, which usually includes crisis, during parents’ temporal labour emigration. A specific form of the phenomenon is discussed, i.e. when both parents temporally work abroad and their children are left with grandparents. A prime focus is on the opportunities of help to small children (up to the age of 7) because their experiences are often confused with the features of psychosocial development. With reference to the case from a practice study, an alternative for social work models is reviewed, i.e. help process according to the narrative therapy. The case study revealed that while changing the construction of clients’ narrative, evident changes appeared unconsciously. Having appealed to a specialist for help to her disturbed grandchild, in the course of 4 meetings, grandmother discovered her grandchildren’s behavior depended on the separation process; and she herself possessed many abilities to help and care under difficult circumstances. Therefore, having felt that she is able to manage her grandchildren’s separation experiences on her own, she does not need professional help anymore. This is the aim of the particular help model of the narrative therapy: to organize a support process so that grandparents could help their grandchildren to cope with difficulties arising due to separation independently.
      62  94
  • Publication
    Naracinė perspektyva socialiniame darbe su lėtinėmis psichikos ligomis sergančiais asmenimis
    [Narrative perspective in social work with patients suffering from chronic mental illnesses]
    research article
    Šedienė, Polina
    Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai, 2008, nr. 1(1), p. 79-91
    In this article it is described narrative, narrative interpretation, narrative as social work method, it is also analyzed chronic mental illness narratives. Persons having contacts with social workers in social services create narratives presenting actual and important aspects of their situations. Every individual life-story is transformed into social workers case-presentation. In this article it is presented and analyzed the narrative, taken out of the reality of the women having chronic mental illness. This narrative signifies that the treatment of chronic mental illness can be understood as the man’s life problems solving. There are viewed different social work and medicine problems’ approaches and their solving strategies.
      32  45