Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai / Social Work. Experience and Methods 2011, nr. 7(1)

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  • Publication
    Prekybos žmonėmis problemų sprendimo patirtis
    [Experience of human trafficking Problems solving]
    research article
    Blažytė, Giedrė
    Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai, 2011, nr. 7(1), p. 193-197
      56  21
  • Publication
    Lyčių stereotipai socialiniame darbe su socialinės rizikos šeimomis
    [Gender stereotypes in social work with social risk families]
    research article
    Rutkauskienė, Saulė
    ;
    Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai = Social work. Experience and methods. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 2011, [T.] 7(1), p. 71-87
    The aim of this article is to investigate gender stereotypes in social work with social risk families. Social workers working with social risk families have a possibility to solidify gender stereotypes between the sexes or can identify and challenge gender stereotypes in helping to achieve greater gender equality in family life. Gender stereotypes present a conventionally simplified and standardized conception or image concerning the typical social roles of male and female. As the product of social activity, gender stereotypes are beliefs held about characteristics, traits, and activity-domains that are “deemed” appropriate for men and women. A social risk family is defined in contrast to a strong cohesive family which is able to function well and secure wellbeing of all family members. While the social risk family interfere with such socio-demographic factors as poverty, unemployment, alcoholism, child neglect, and etc., it is not able to overcome these factors autonomous and can not guarantee family members’ safety. Lithuanian state institutions are providing basic social services to social risk families. Social workers working with social risk families seek to meet their needs and help to improve their social functioning. A method of formalized quantitative content analysis was applied to investigate formal documents related to social work in Leipalingis eldership with 7 social risk families during the year 2007. Main results of the investigation reveal that while working with social risk families activities are divided into male and female areas. About 2/3 of resources while providing social services are intended to target women’s efforts to maintain a safe and caring environment at home relevant to meet children’s needs. Men are often neglected in this practice.[...].
      109  74
  • Publication
    Hipoterapijos kaip alternatyvaus socialinio darbo metodo veiksmingumas vaikams su fizine negalia socialinės izoliacijos įveikimo procese : tėvų požiūris
    [Efficiency of hippotherapy for the physically disabled children coping with social isolation: parents’ perspective]
    research article ;
    Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai = Social work. Experience and methods. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 2011, [T.] 7(1), p. 175-192
    Article examines hippotherapy as an alternative social work method that is effective in medical and social rehabilitation purposes. While assessing the physically disabled children the specialists recognize the insufficient quality of the assessment methods applied and the necessity to perfect the development of the rehabilitation programmes which should be directed towards the closest social environment of a child, assistance provided for a child in a family and its inclusion in child socialization process. The research confirms that hippotherapy helps to adjust not only to developmental problems, but also to foster the emotional development – a better sense of self-confidence and encourages interaction with his environment and thereby improve the child and the family’s quality of life. Only when the customer’s voice has the same value as an expert and a specialist’s the problems may be fully solved. Hippotherapy effectiveness of the disclosure during the parents’ attitude, on the one hand, their vision, experience, reflection, on the other hand, is an opportunity for introspection using this therapy for their child. The survey results have disclosed that the parents’ perspective of hippotherapy is efficient means at children socialization process, self-expression, and improvement of the physical and emotional condition. The parents estimate the alternative therapies treat as a possibility to satisfy the individual needs of a child form the social skills of children and the life quality of the family itself. The survey has disclosed the fact that social worker can help the parents and medical staff to “bring closer” the different approaches and experience that will enable the possibilities to develop the application of the alternative therapies.
      34  45
  • Publication
    Socialinio darbuotojo ir agresyviai besielgiančio kliento sąveika socialiniame darbe
    [Interaction between social worker and aggressively behaving client in social work]
    research article ;
    Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai = Social work. Experience and methods. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 2011, [T.] 7(1), p. 89-111
    Aggressive behaviour is one of the most frequent human responses to circumstances causing threat or tension, or response to unsatisfied needs, obstacles that are met while striving for some goal. Since aggression is related to unsatisfied needs, aggressive behaviour is common among such people who feel not getting something they want most. Being aware of these significant factors influencing aggressive behaviour of clients it is important to be able to recognize them as well as to know management possibilities of this phenomenon within the social work process. This paper analyses methods helping to achieve that the communication with aggressively behaving clients within the social work process turns into the cooperation between the social worker and client, instead of conflict relations, when striving for personal wellbeing and socially accepted behaviour of customers. The aim of this paper is to reveal the phenomenon of clients’ aggressive behaviour and its management possibilities in social work. Using descriptive quantitative survey 76 social workers were polled. Survey “Perception of aggression within the social work practice among social workers and students having completed social work practice” proved the hypotheses brought up in the beginning of the survey. The obtained survey data has demonstrated the following: The most frequent type of aggression is verbal aggressive behaviour of clients; sexually aggressive behaviour of clients is less frequent, and physically aggressive behaviour of clients is the least frequent. A strong positive relation was discovered between an encounter with clients’ aggressive behaviour and a psychological model of avoidance of problematic situations. Ability to control a conflict situation with a client greatly depends on the social worker’s level of inner harmony. [...].
      621  279
  • Publication
    Biologinių vaikų patirtis šeimoje, globojančioje ne giminaičius vaikus
    [Experiences of biological children whose family fosters a child]
    research article
    Bagdonaitė-Stelmokienė, Ramunė
    ;
    Socialinis darbas. Patirtis ir metodai = Social work. Experience and methods. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 2011, [T.] 7(1), p. 31-50
    The authors of this paper seek to find out the experiences of biological children growing-up in families together with foster child / children. This has been the first research in Lithuania with the aim to provide a deeper understanding of this phenomenon from the very own perspective of biological children. A qualitative research has been conducted. Two methods of defining the target group sample were combined: selection according to convenience and the snowball selection. The participants of the research were young persons from age 13 to 19: 2 boys and 8 girls, living in their biological families that raise foster child (children). Semi-structural interview has been selected as the main instrument for reaching the research goal. Collected qualitative data was analyzed by using the method of interpretative phenomenological analysis. The research has shown that after a foster child comes into a foster family, the whole family life changes: interpersonal relationships, roles, rules. The foster parents’ biological children go through a range of different emotions: confusion, surprise, loss, anxiety, fear, might feel neglected or pushed aside. Usually it takes quite a long time to get used to the changed situation and to a new member in their family. Frequently, if biological children are older then the foster child, they will take up a role of an older sister or brother, and the duties that accompany these roles. If foster parents’ biological children get attached to foster child, they will go through difficult experiences when a foster child leaves the family. It has been found out that a fostering of a child in their family is worthy: biological children learn to take care of younger children, to be emphatic, to understand other people, as well as acquire dailylife problem solving skills.
      107  55